Allotropes of carbon and nanochemistry

avmorgan
Mind Map by , created about 6 years ago

Mind Map on Allotropes of carbon and nanochemistry, created by avmorgan on 08/28/2013.

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avmorgan
Created by avmorgan about 6 years ago
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Allotropes of carbon and nanochemistry
1 Diamond and graphite properties
1.1 Graphite
1.1.1 Insoluble in water
1.1.2 Very high melting point
1.1.2.1 Lower than diamond
1.1.2.1.1 Has weak bonds
1.1.3 Conducts electricity
1.1.4 Soft & Slippery
1.1.5 Lustrous
1.1.6 Opaque & Black
1.2 Diamond
1.2.1 Transparent
1.2.2 Very hard
1.2.3 Very high melting point
1.2.4 Doesn't conduct electricity
1.2.5 Insoluble in water
1.2.6 Lustrous (Shiny)
1.2.7 Colourless
2 Structure
2.1 Diamond
2.1.1 All 4 electrons in a strong covalent bond
2.2 Graphite
2.2.1 weak intermolecular forces
2.2.2 Strong covalent bonds
2.2.2.1 Hexagonol rings
2.2.2.2 Only 3 electrons in bond
2.2.2.3 The fourth electron is free (delocalized)
2.2.2.4 Soft layers - easily broken
2.3 Buckminsterfullerene
2.3.1 Hexagonol & Pentagonal rings
2.3.2 Conducts electricity
3 Allotrope
3.1 Same element but different arrangement of atoms