Reported Speech

Miranda  Hadëri
Mind Map by Miranda Hadëri, updated more than 1 year ago
Miranda  Hadëri
Created by Miranda Hadëri over 5 years ago
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Description

Rules Reporting verbs Backshift changes
Tags

Resource summary

Reported Speech
1 why
1.1 Retell what people say
1.2 Report what people say
2 reporting verbs

Annotations:

  • say, talk, wanted to know, asked, confessed, refused, suggested, advised...
3 reported
3.1 statements

Annotations:

  • S+ told sb. (that)+ S+ reported verb+ rest of the sentece Ex. "I really like you" Alain told her.Alain told her that he really liked her
3.2 questions
3.2.1 yes/no/maybe

Annotations:

  • S+ wanted to know + IF+ S+ reported verb+ rest of the sentence Ex. "Will you be able to look at him at his face ever again?" - Anne exclaimed to her sister Anne exclaimed to her sister IF she WOULD BE able to look at him in his face ever again.
3.2.2 W/H (for details)

Annotations:

  • S+ asked /wanted to know W/H + S+ reported verb Ex.: "Where the heck is Mary?" - Marcos asked Marcos wanted to know WHERE THE HECK MARY WAS
3.3 requests/comm.

Annotations:

  • S+ asked/ordered/ sb. TO/NOT TO + VERB+ rest of the sentence Ex. "Leave me alone"- she cried too her mom. She desperately asked her mom TO LEAVE her alone
4 time expressions/place backshift

Annotations:

  • Here-there this-that, the these-those, the today-that day tomorrow-the next day yesterday- the day before last year- the previous year
5 verb tenses backshift
5.1 reported verbs
6 possesive pronouns/adj. backshift

Annotations:

  • It will always depend on the context Ex.: "I will never trust my friend Glen a secret again"- Linda complained Linda said that SHE would never trust HER friend Glen with a secret again
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