have/ has+ Past participle
- Irr verbs: 3rd column in the list
- R verbs: add -ed to the root.
* after a final e only add d: love – loved
* final consonant after a short, stressed vowel or l as final consonant after a vowel is doubled: admit – admitted
travel – travelled
* final y after a consonant becomes i : hurry – hurried
1.1.1 We have listened to the radio / He has drunk a coke
Subject + have / has not
( haven't / hasn't ) + past participle
1.2.1 They haven't read the news / She hasn't stopped
Have / has + subject + past participle ?
1.3.1 Have they had breakfast? / Has she written an e-mail?
2.1.1 Have you ever driven a car? No, I have never done it
2.2 Recent actions
2.2.1 She has just eaten an apple
2.3 Past actions relevant to the present
2.3.1 He has baked a cake ( you smell it)
2.4 Past actions going on in present
2.4.1 I have lived here for two years ( I still live here)
3.1.1 Periods of time: I have studied this for hours
3.2.1 Start of the period: I have studied this since 5 o'clock
3.3 EVER/ NEVER
3.3.1 Has she ever eaten octopus?
3.4.1 Between have/has and past participle: They have already done it
3.5.1 Neg / interrog, at the end : Has she eaten yet?. They haven't arrived yet
3.6.1 between have /has and past participle: She has just arrived