Present Perfect Simple

Marisa Fidalgo
Mind Map by Marisa Fidalgo, updated more than 1 year ago
Marisa Fidalgo
Created by Marisa Fidalgo over 5 years ago
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Mind map de present perfect
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Resource summary

Present Perfect Simple
1 FORM
1.1 Affirmative

Annotations:

  • have/ has+ Past participle - Irr verbs: 3rd column in the list - R verbs: add -ed to the root. * after a final e only add d: love – loved * final consonant after a short, stressed vowel or l as final consonant after a vowel is doubled: admit – admitted travel – travelled * final y after a consonant becomes i : hurry – hurried   
1.1.1 We have listened to the radio / He has drunk a coke
1.2 Negative

Annotations:

  • Subject + have / has not ( haven't  / hasn't ) + past participle
1.2.1 They haven't read the news / She hasn't stopped
1.3 Interrogative

Annotations:

  • Have / has + subject + past participle ?
1.3.1 Have they had breakfast? / Has she written an e-mail?
2 USES
2.1 experiences
2.1.1 Have you ever driven a car? No, I have never done it
2.2 Recent actions
2.2.1 She has just eaten an apple
2.3 Past actions relevant to the present
2.3.1 He has baked a cake ( you smell it)
2.4 Past actions going on in present
2.4.1 I have lived here for two years ( I still live here)
3 EXPRESSIONS
3.1 FOR
3.1.1 Periods of time: I have studied this for hours
3.2 SINCE
3.2.1 Start of the period: I have studied this since 5 o'clock
3.3 EVER/ NEVER
3.3.1 Has she ever eaten octopus?
3.4 ALREADY
3.4.1 Between have/has and past participle: They have already done it
3.5 YET
3.5.1 Neg / interrog, at the end : Has she eaten yet?. They haven't arrived yet
3.6 JUST
3.6.1 between have /has and past participle: She has just arrived
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