Cyber security


Year 10 IT Mind Map on Cyber security, created by Toby STEPHENS on 05/05/2020.
Mind Map by Toby STEPHENS, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by Toby STEPHENS over 2 years ago

Resource summary

Cyber security
  1. Threat
    1. A threat is an incident or an action which is deliberate or unintended that results in disruption, down time or data loss.
      1. Internal Threat = caused by an incident inside an organisation
        1. External Threat = caused outside the organisation
          1. Attack
            1. An attack is a deliberate action, targeting an organisation’s digital system or data.
          2. Unauthorised Access
            1. This refers to someone gaining entry without permission to an organisation’s system, software or data.
            2. Hacker
              1. Black Hat
                1. They try to inflict damage by compromising security systems
                2. Grey Hat
                  1. Do it for fun and not with malicious intent
                  2. White Hat
                    1. working with organizations to strengthen the security of a system
                  3. MALWARE (AKA Malicious software)
                    1. This is an umbrella term given to software that is designed to harm a digital system, damage data or harvest sensitive information.
                      1. Virus (Not a human virus)
                        1. A piece of malicious code that attaches to a legitimate program. It is capable of reproducing itself and usually capable of causing great harm to files or other programs on the same computer.
                        2. Worm
                          1. A self-contained program that is capable of spreading on it's own without human help. Worms get around by exploiting vulnerabilities in operating systems and attaching themselves to emails. They self replicate at a tremendous rate, using up hard drive space and bandwidth, overloading servers.
                          2. Trojan
                            1. It is a type of Malware that is hidden in legitimate sotware.
                            2. Rootkit
                              1. Is a set of tools that give a hacker a high level administrative control, of a computer.
                              2. Ransomware
                                1. Encrypts files stored on a computer to extort or steal money from organisations. Victims must then pay a ransom to have the encrypted files unlocked. There is normally a deadline for the transaction to happen.
                                2. Spyware
                                  1. Is a malicious software secretly installed to collect information from someone else's computer
                                    1. Keyloggers
                                      1. spyware that records every keystroke made on a computer to steal personal information
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