duties raised /
22.214.171.124.1 Sisa (on basic
126.96.36.199 Philip takes direct
control of custom
1/3 of tithes.
188.8.131.52 Silver and Gold
imports peak at 43
184.108.40.206 Taxation of NW
settlers & Naitives
220.127.116.11 Custon duties on NW
18.104.22.168 Venality- led to
22.214.171.124 alienation- selling
Crown land to grandees.
126.96.36.199 Juras sold
4 Social/economic changes
4.1 Vaneer of Pre-eminence (world leader)?-
Dominates Europe & NW. Wealth from
NW. Leading fight against Turks. SO MUCH
POTENTIAL.... but internal issues.
population. Particularly in Castle
4.2.1 increasing demand for food- not
met by agricultural production and
failed harvest= high food prices and
188.8.131.52 vagrancy and brigandage increases
4.2.2 DECLINES in
4.4 wool trade with Flanders, French and English
interupted by Dutch Revolt and conflict with
France and England.
4.4.1 Drop in demand of spanish wool due to changing fashions, dutch
revolt and foreign competition. Farmers change to Arable farming-
still does not meet population demand so spain has to import from
N. Europe in exchange for fish and wool.
4.4.2 Large parts of Spain cannot be
farmed- to arid, high above sea
level, fear of piracy.
4.5 1561Madrid made the capital-
population shifts from
nearby towns to capital.
4.7 Spain is not an economic unit- autonomous
self-sufficient regions, poor inland transport
networks, vadnitry, mistrust
4.8 Heavy toll on roads/bridges/rivers stifles internal trade
4.9 Castile exports raw goods and imports manufactured goods!
4.9.1 NO INDUSTRY
4.10 Seville/ Casa de Contratacion- wealth is illusory. money
goes straight to pay debt(never enters economy)
4.11 NW- source of bullion & exotic commodities.
4.12 wars disrupted trade & put off investors
4.14 ship building in Bilbao and Barcelona
4.15 SIlk from Valencia and Granada
5.1 1554-58 Married
to Mary I
5.2 1561-stops Pope
excommunicating Liz I
5.3 1568-Liz stops spanish
ships reaching Neth
5.4 1570s-supports Drakes attacks
5.5 1585- treaty of Nonsuch:England
allies with Dutch. Reaction to
treaty of Joinville 1584. fear of a
catholic alliance with spanish and
5.6 1587- Mary scot executed
5.6.1 1588- SPanish Armada:FAIL
6.1 initlially at war (H/V) but
bankruptcy (1557)= Chateau
Cambresis (1559)= 30 years
6.2 1562- FWOR
6.3 1584- Henry of Navarre is heir so Phil SIgns treaty of
Joinville (send money and troops to french rebels)
6.4 1590/92 invades France to stop Henry becoming King
6.5 1593- Pope Converts Henry
6.6 spain do not pull troops
out. France declares
7.2 1570- Holy League
7.3 1571- Lepanto 30,00
dead turks. 35/230
turkish ships left
7.4 1578- Truce. Philip needs to focus on N Europe. Pope NOT HAPPY
8 Annexation of Portugual 1580
9 Religion- Devout Catholic
9.1 Refused to rule over
9.2 Council of Trent (1562-63)- uniformity in worship
and dress. growth of religious
literature/art. jesuits ecouraged.
9.4 1559-62= 6 Auto de fe.
after 1562 only 6
9.5 degree of censorship. index of banned
books. block spanish from studying abroad=
spain cut off from eternal cultural influences
9.6 Counter Reformation=
Dutch Revolt 1566
10 Dutch revolt 1566
10.1 South= loyal
10.2 high taxation to fund spanish was with
france. Heresy. Nobility alienated from
Philips Government. Absenteeism. Feel
like a spanish colony.
10.3 Philips new
10.4 1576 Sack of Antwerp.
10.4.1 Pacification of Ghent
11 Revolt of Moriscos-
12.1 1561-centralises government
around madrid- more efficient
12.2 timetables council meetings
12.3 Letrados as secretaries- loyal
12.4 1580s- Juntas for specific issues.
12.5 philip- didnt delegate. workaholic. control frea=
12.6 5 new councils (council of Italy/portugal/Flanders
12.7 uncil independent of each other= conflict
12.8 fractionalism in government
13 New World
13.2 Virceroys &
hard to control
13.4 Philip gave
settlers the right
to explot indian
13.5 distance means law is
difficult to enforce
13.7 Bullion- inflation.
funded wars, bribes