Pharmacology

hayesreh
Mind Map by , created about 6 years ago

Pharmacology Mind Map on Pharmacology, created by hayesreh on 09/26/2013.

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hayesreh
Created by hayesreh about 6 years ago
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1 Naming Drugs: chemical names, generic names and trade names

Annotations:

  • Always use generic names in exams e.g. aspirin, paracetamol, diazepam, salbutamol  Good online text: BNF 
2 Pharmocodynamics: the interaction between the drug and cell, changing normal cell function, look at desired effect and mode of action

Annotations:

  • what does a drug do to a cell? drugs may change the environment, inhibit enzymes, react with receptors or bring about normal cell functioning 
  • desired effect is the purpose of taking a drug, the biochemical physical effect of the drugs, a detailed description of what a drug is used for.  mode of action is how a drug does this, its mechanism 
3 Agonists:drugs which bind to receptors (like an neurotransmitter) which then produce an effect within the cell,has a stimulating effect and an affinity to the receptor
4 Antagonist: drugs which bind with receptors which prevent a response within the cell, it has an affinity with the receptor but causes no stimulation
4.1 competitive antagonist: competes with antagonistnon competitive antagonist blocks all agonists.
5 Non selective drugs: bind to any receptor (widespread side effects, is an older drug)
6 Drug potency: how much of a drug needed to give a desired effect
7 Therapeutic index/window: the safe does to give a desired affect

Annotations:

  • look at warfarin as an example, very small window of safe dose, most be monitored regularly, may be dangerous
8 Synaptic functions: synthesis, storage, release, binding and activation and inactivation

Annotations:

  • drugs interfer with these stages 
9 Drugs may: decrease synthesis of neurotransmitters, stimulate receptors (agonist), prevent neurotransmitter binding to receptors (antagonist) or drugs may decrease the breakdown of neurotransmitters

Annotations:

  • know will these stimulate or reduce normal cell functioning 

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