1.1.1 Lester Horton Technique "ballet bottom,
modern top". Martha Graham contractions.
Mix of ballet and contemporary.
1.2 Spatial Elements
1.2.1 Body shapes, levels. Low levels
(defeated), high (striving for
freedom). Constricted by the prop
(piece of fabric), slavery is
restricting on her life, prop
metaphorical for slavery.
1.2.2 Section 1: Proud African American,
experiencing some hardships/pain but
her faith in God (arms
outstretched/modern top motif) assists in
her hardship. Low levels, scrubbing with
cloth. Cloth constricts her. White
costuming, grace and pride, religious
connotations. High levels, outstretched
arms with high release. Contraction of
torso with fists, clenching at freedom,
frustration with life. End of section 1,
shackled hand. LOSS OF FREEDOM
1.2.3 Section 2: RESIGNATION.
Contracting, reaching on medium
level. Turning sequence around
room, circle trying to escape but no
end. Jete entrelace. Reaching arm
then collapsed defeat at end.
1.2.4 Section 3: TRIUMPH IN THE FACE OF DESPAIR.
Begins with rise from second grand plie, music,
upbeat, beating the struggle. Long elongated lines,
high level. High flying bird- freedom. Prayer hands to
the 'sky'. Medium level, praying to God, dependence
on God/faith. Higher level- release. End position
mirrors opening position, representing cyclical
inevitability and progression of frustration and
despair but there is hope as it ends on a higher level.
1.3.1 Heavy explosive sudden
movements (more evident in
section 2)- such as repetition of
fists with heavy, collapsing
dynamics- defeat. Sustained light
dynamics, flowing, enlightenment,
more evident in section 1 and 3-
1.4 Aural Elements
1.4.1 Section 1: Something about John
Coltrane. Introduction into the hardships
of African American Slavery.
Emphasizing beats, places emphasis on
struggle when use pride with contracting
1.4.2 Section 2: Been on a train. Pain,
hardship mirrored in pain filled
1.4.3 Section 3: Light on, be free.
Freedom, triumph, upbeat Afro
Jazz music. "High flying bird".
1.5.1 1 female dancer- African
American. To show the
struggles of all African
American females with slavery,
racism. 1 dancer on stage, no
assistance, shows the African
Americans singular struggle
with slavery, no assistance from
anyone but each other.
1.6 Stage setting: Bound by fabric
boundaries, doesnt leave space
fixed by white space on ground.
Cloth metaphor for slavery and its
2 ORGANIZING THE DANCE-MOTIFS
2.1 Juxtaposition of
motifs show themes
of pride, beauty, vs.
2.2 Contraction of torso- on low
levels, defeat struggle- High
level with out stretched arms-
Martha Graham style
contraction. Still a struggle but
greater chance of freedom.
2.3 Arm lines- strong open parallel lines
(Horton Technique)- broken angular
symbolic of broken spirit, with fists
clenched. Hands crossed-
burden/restriction with contrasting
projection of upper body shows sense of
2.4 Bird hands- fluttering, sense of
release. Circling around face-
beauty and pride. Clenched fists-
anger struggle. 3 clear sections in
Cry- pain, hardship, pride and
3.1 Context: Slavery, American Civil War/Black
Oppression. Racism. Genre: Classical training, Lester
Horton/Martha Graham, Afro Jazz. Subject Matter:
Hardships undergone by Black African Americans/
Shows pride of the race, the hope they have, gives
hope to those still suffering. Seminal work: Relevant
societal themes which are still ongoing, an outlet for
pain for an entire culture/race.
SISTEMAS NERVIOSO Y REPRODUCTIVO El sistema nervioso se relaciona con el sistema reproductivo, ya que se recibe la estimulación externa e interna y envía información para preparar al organismo para la reproducción, así las hormonas y los neurotransmisores