Crimean War 1854-56

jacobhatcher97
Mind Map by jacobhatcher97, updated more than 1 year ago
jacobhatcher97
Created by jacobhatcher97 almost 5 years ago
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THE CRIMEAN WAR

Resource summary

Crimean War 1854-56
1 3. THE BRITISH AND FRENCH INVADE THE CRIMEA
1.1 APRIL 1854
1.2 1. GALLIPOLI
1.3 2. Then moved onto Constantinople then to Scutari
1.4 3. They wanted to destroy the Russian Naval base of Sebastapol
1.5 4. 23rd JUNE 1854 - BRITISH ARMY INVADE THE CRIMEA
1.6 Could have been over quickly but French and British determined to destroy Sebastapol
2 Who fought and Why?
2.1 BRITIAN, FRANCE and the OTTOMAN EMPIRE vs. RUSSIAN EMPIRE
2.2 BRITIAN
2.2.1 They wanted control of that area so it could maintain an important trade route with india
2.3 RUSSIAN EMPIRE
2.3.1 Russia wanted control of the Black sea because it wanted a warm-water port from which its fleet could access the Mediterranean
2.4 FRANCE
2.4.1 Napolean wanted to restore the granduer of France whilst also protecting Catholosism in the Crimea
3 3. THE BATTLE OF BALAKLAVA, 25th OCTOBER 1854
3.1 1. The British marched to BALAKLAVA
3.2 2. The British were very close to SEBASTAPOL
3.3 3. THE SEIGE OF SEBASTAPOL HAD BEGUN - Stopped Russian supplies entering
3.4 4. The Russians decided to attack BALAKLAVA
3.5 5. THE RUSSIANS ADVANCED ON THE BRITISH LINE - The 93rd HIGHLANDERS fired volleys of musket shots in the unusual formation REPORTED BY WILLIAM RUSSEL SAYING 'a thin red streak tipped with a line of steel'
3.5.1 THIS BECAME 'THE THIN RED LINE'
3.6 6. Following day it was the turn of the LIGHT BRIGADE
3.6.1 1. RAGLAN issued a poorly explained command to LORD LUCAN - He told LUCAN to "CAPTURE THE GUNS"
3.6.2 2. When Captain Nolan gave the message to LUCAN it was MISUNDERSTOOD
3.6.3 3. LUCAN SENT THE LIGHT BRIGADE DOWN A VALLEY WHERE THEY WERE TRAPPED AND SURROUNDED BY RUSSIAN GUNS
3.6.3.1 REMEMBERED AS THE INFAMOUS CHARGE OF THE LIGHT BRIGADE - TERRIBLE MILITARY BLUNDER AND ASTONISHING BRAVERY OF ORDINARY SOLIDER
3.7 7. RESULT WAS INDECISIVE
4 2. THE BATTLE OF ALMA, 22nd SEPTEMBER 1854
4.1 1. After the British landed they began to march south
4.2 2. Began march on 19th Septmeber 1854
4.3 3. Russians were WAITING and READY to ATTACK. They waited on high ground just south of the ALMA RIVER
4.4 4. RAGLAN had no plans and did not tell his OWN GENERALS about the FRENCH PLANS
4.5 5. BATTLE COMMENCES: FRENCH soon OVERPOWERED
4.6 6. Despite having no plan, the BRITISH RAN UP THE HILL to attack and WON THE BATTLE!
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