Boer War 1899-1902

jacobhatcher97
Mind Map by jacobhatcher97, updated more than 1 year ago
jacobhatcher97
Created by jacobhatcher97 almost 6 years ago
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BOER WAR

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Boer War 1899-1902
1 Who fought and why?
1.1 BRITAIN
1.1.1 GOLD DISCOVERED IN THE TRANSVAAL - 1886
1.1.1.1 GOLD
1.1.2 Power and influence was at stake - CHAMBERLAIN "what is now at stake is the position of Great Britian..."
1.1.2.1 IMPERIALISM
1.1.3 GOLD VS. IMPERIALSIM
1.1.4 12th OCTOBER 1899 - BOER ULTIMATEM
1.1.4.1 Boers declined it and war ensued!
1.2 BOERS - ORANGE FREE STATE
1.2.1 Dutch immigrants that had colonised South Africa
1.2.2 The allure of gold in the Transvaal meant that they would have greater wealth and power so wanted to protect their land from the British
1.2.3 The Boers has been controlled by the British in 1802 and since then had dispised the imperialistic view that they had and the governance which was inforce in South Africa at that time
2 Cardwell Reforms 1870-71
2.1 The PURCHASE SYSTEM was ABOLISHED in favour of promotion by merit
2.2 PEACETIME FLOGGING WAS ABOLISHED
2.3 Soliders could choose to spend time in the reserves rather then in regular service
2.4 ALL MILITARY DEPARTMENTS were combined under the leadership of the WAR OFFICE
2.5 How successful were they?
2.5.1 Responsibilty remained confused and no chief of staff was appointed
2.5.2 The army lost more men than gained through the short term enlistment programme
3 Important figures
3.1 Richard Burton Holdane
3.1.1 He was a LIBERAL MP
3.1.2 As a SECRETARY OF STATE FOR WAR from 1905-12, he reformed the British Army to the point that he was considered as one of the 'greatest military reformers' in British History
3.1.3 Brilliant Lawyer
3.2 Winston Churchill
3.2.1 He travelled to South Africa in 1899 to report on the war
3.2.2 Escaped being captured and went to NATAL. There he was made Lieutenant in the South Africa Light Horse
3.2.3 THROUGH CHURCHILLS WORK FOR THE MORNING POST THE DEFICIENCIES OF THE BRITISH FORCES WERE REVEALED TO THE WORLD
3.3 Robert Baden-Powell
3.3.1 FOUNDED SCOUTING
3.3.2 Was involved in the seige of Mafeking
3.3.2.1 SUCCESFULLY DEFENDED MAFEKING IN THAT SEIGE
4 How Was The War Fought
4.1 Battles
4.1.1 BLACK WEEK
4.1.2 Seige of MAKEKING
4.1.3 seige of Ladysmith
4.1.4 Spion Kop
4.2 SCORTCHED EARTH POLICY
4.2.1 Policy of BURNING LAND and PROPERTY to stop the Boers and mainly thier GUIRLLA WARFARE
4.2.2 Killing livestock
4.2.3 WOMEN AND CHILDREN WERE KEPT ON CONCENTRATIONS CAMPS
4.2.3.1 SEPTEMBER 1900 - 11,000 PEOPLE
4.3 Guerilla warfare
4.3.1 Type of warfare that is small groups of military and civilisan individuals using tactics such as:
4.3.1.1 AMBUSHING
4.3.1.2 SABOTAGE
4.3.1.3 RAIDS
4.3.1.4 Hit-and-run tactics
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