Geriatrics: the care of aged people

Mind Map by angelmuhonen, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by angelmuhonen about 5 years ago


complications and treatments of a few geriatric illnesses

Resource summary

Geriatrics: the care of aged people
1 Delirium
1.1 Onset sudden, slurred speech, abnormal behavior, hallucinations, increased forgetfulness
1.1.1 Causes: Acute infections, toxic substances, medications, surgery, vascular disorders & metabolic causes Management: Emotional support, controlled environment, medication changes & home instructions
2 Ischemic Attack/Stroke
2.1 Death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen
2.1.1 Ischemic: blockage Hemorrhagic: Rupture
2.1.2 Numbness, confusion, loss of vision, facial drooping, loss of balance
2.1.3 Causes Controllable: lifestyle choices Uncontrollable: age, gender, family history Treatment Surgery, medication & rehabilitation
3 Mental Disorders & Depression
3.1 Effects: sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, disability, increased risk of illness, suicidal thoughts, fatigue
3.1.1 Treatment: professional help needed, medication, psychotherapy, support Treat underlying illness, promote healthy lifestyle & activity, ensure safe & stable environment
3.2 Causes: Major life changes, medications, substance use
3.2.1 Major depression, dysthymia, bipolar, SAD, Anxiety, compulsive behavior
4 Infectious Diseases
4.1 Pneumonia: lung inflammation caused by virus or bacteria
4.1.1 Risk factors: immobile, decreased lung function, other illnesses, hospital stays Treatment: Antibiotics, oxygen, mobilization, nutrition, PPE use
4.2 UTI: infection in the urinary system
4.2.1 Risk factors: catheter, urinary retention, bedridden, surgery, immobile, inadequate fluids Symptoms: low fever, dysuria, foul urine odor, frequent urination, cloudy/bloody urine Treatment: Antibiotics, fluids, analgesic & mobilization Prevention: proper hygiene, adequate fluids, movement, regular emptying of bladder
5 Musculoskeletal Disorders
5.1 Injury/damage/disorder of joints, muscles or bones in the limbs or back
5.1.1 Causes: injury, jerky movements, poor posture & overuse Prevention: exercise, good posture, good lifestyle habits Treatment: Medication, cold packs, therapy, massage Symptoms: Pain, stiffness, swelling, fatigue & sleep disturbances
6 Challenges
6.1 Physical Changes
6.2 Medication
6.3 Social Environment
6.4 Ethics
7 Memory: ability to recall, sort & retain information
7.1 Types of Memory
7.1.1 Sensory Info stored <1 second
7.1.2 Short Term Info stored <1 min. Strengthen: repetition, meaning, association & meaning
7.1.3 Long Term Info. lasts a lifetime
7.2 Memory Disorders
7.2.1 Alzheimer's Disease 80% of memory disorders No Cure Progressively worsens Loss of memory, mood changes, problems with communication & reasoning
7.2.2 Vascular Dementia 2nd most common Onset sudden Acute confusion, hallucinations, verbal impedements No cure: treatment slows progression
7.2.3 Fronto-temporal Dementia Brain tissue shrinks Behavior, emotional, language & communication problems
8 Restraints: restricts free movement
8.1 Reasons used:
8.1.1 Patient safety
8.1.2 Social situations
8.1.3 Understaffing
8.2 Effects:
8.2.1 Indirect impaired balance Loss of muscles Infections...
8.2.2 Direct Nerve Injury Heart faliure Asphyxiation
8.2.3 Psychological Anxiety Depression Low self sesteem
8.3 Use cautiously
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