Child- directed speech (CDS)

megan langdon
Mind Map by megan langdon, updated more than 1 year ago
megan langdon
Created by megan langdon almost 5 years ago
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Description

Child language acquisition mind map on the early development of language

Resource summary

Child- directed speech (CDS)
1 Academic term for lang used by adults / caregivers when addressing children
2 Phonology
2.1 Separate phrases more distinctly (longer pauses)
2.2 Speak more s-l-o-w-l-y
2.3 Exaggerated 'singsong' intonation
2.4 Exaggerated diff between Q, statements & commands
2.5 Higher & wider range of pitch
3 Lexis & semantics
3.1 Use of concrete nouns (e.g. train, cat) & dynamic verbs (e.g. give, put)
3.2 Adopt child's own words for things (e.g. wickle babbit)
3.3 Frequent use of child's name & absence of pronouns
4 Grammar
4.1 Repeated sentence frames = 'That's a...'
4.2 More simple sentences
4.3 Fewer complex sentences & passives
4.4 Omission of past tense & inflections
4.5 More command, Qs & tag Qs = keep convo flowing
4.6 Use of EXPANSIONS
4.6.1 Where the adult 'fills out' the child's utterance
4.7 Use of RECASTING
4.7.1 Where child's vocab put into a new utterance
5 Pragmatics
5.1 Lots of gestures & body lang
5.2 Stopping frequently for child to respond
5.3 Supportive lang
6 Clarke - Stewart 1973
6.1 Children whose mothers talk to them more have larger vocab
7 Nelson 1973
7.1 Holophrastic stage
7.2 Children whose mothers corrected them on word choice & pronunciation actually advanced more SLOWLY than those w/ mothers who were gen accepting
8 Kuhl 1992
8.1 Studied exaggerated vowel sounds used by parents when speaking to 6 month olds (in Eng, Swedish, & Russian)
8.2 Babies turn towards adults who speak in sing - song voice, ignoring regular convo
8.3 Mothers in all 3 countries exaggerated important vowels
9 IMPORTANT
9.1 NOT ALL CULTURES USE CHILD - DIRECTED SPEECH
9.2 In some (non - western) cultures babies are expected to 'blend in' w/ adult interaction & no special accommodation is made
9.2.1 These children STILL go through some developmental stages at roughly some time, as long as there is EXPOSURE to lang
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