Latin Nouns

ella rose
Mind Map by ella rose, updated more than 1 year ago
ella rose
Created by ella rose almost 5 years ago
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LATIN (Grammar) Mind Map on Latin Nouns, created by ella rose on 04/13/2015.

Resource summary

Latin Nouns
1 Nominative Nouns = subject that does the verb
1.1 e.g. ELLA ran the race: Who ran the race? Ella did so Ella is the subject/nominative noun
2 Accusative Noun = object to which the verb is done
2.1 e.g. ELLA ran the race. What did Ella run? She ran THE RACE - ie the race is the object/accusative noun
3 Latin has 3 groups of nouns
3.1 Each group is called a DECLENSION
3.1.1 Each declension forms the nominative, accusative and dative case in a different way
3.1.1.1 DECLENSION NUMBER 1
3.1.1.1.1 SINGULAR
3.1.1.1.1.1 NOMINATIVE ends in "a" e.g. ANCILLA (slave girl
3.1.1.1.1.1.1 Form the accusative case by adding an "m" - e.g. ANCILLAM
3.1.1.1.2 PLURAL
3.1.1.1.2.1 Nominative ends in "ae" e.g. ancillae
3.1.1.1.2.1.1 accusative ends in "S" e.g ancillas
3.1.1.2 DECLENSION NUMBER 2
3.1.1.2.1 SINGULAR
3.1.1.2.1.1 Ends in "us" - e.g. Caecilius or servus (servant)
3.1.1.2.1.1.1 Form the accusative case by changing the last "s" to "m" - e.g. Caecilium or servum
3.1.1.2.2 PLURAL
3.1.1.2.2.1 nominative take off "US" and add "I"
3.1.1.2.2.1.1 e.g servi
3.1.1.2.2.1.1.1 accusative take off "US" and add"OS"
3.1.1.2.2.1.1.1.1 e.g servos
3.1.1.3 DECLENSION NUMBER 3
3.1.1.3.1 SINGULAR
3.1.1.3.1.1 Other nouns that aren't Declension 1 or 2 - e.g. leo (lion) or mercator (merchant)
3.1.1.3.1.1.1 Accusative always ends in "em" - e.g. leonem (lion) or mercatorem (merchant)
3.1.1.3.2 PLURAL
3.1.1.3.2.1 nominative add"ES"
3.1.1.3.2.1.1 e.g leones (also add N)
3.1.1.3.2.1.1.1 eg1 mercatores
3.1.1.3.2.1.1.1.1 accusative is the SAME!!!!
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