Harold Wilson 1964-70

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Harold Wilson revision resource
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Harold Wilson 1964-70
1 Wilson's Economic Inheritance
1.1 Loss of £££ from common-wealth
1.2 Welfare state- Expensive ££
1.3 TU Power increasing
1.4 £800 million national debt
1.5 Moving towards a post-industrial economy
1.6 A serious problem w/how to balance the books
1.7 DeGaulle reluctance to allow Britain into EEC
2 WIlson's Personal Appeal
2.1 Young- 40% of the population were under 25
2.2 Charming- "cheeky chap", opportunistic
2.3 Grammar school educated
2.4 Innovative- the 60's, new era, "white heat of techonolgy", scientific revolution
2.5 Mixed with celebs to appear "fashionable"
3 Successes
3.1 Comprehensive schools, the Open University and expanding HE
3.2 Jenkins' "Civilised Society"
3.2.1 1965- Race Relations Act
3.2.2 Flogging in the penal code ended
3.2.3 1965- Death Penalty abolished
3.2.4 1967- Abortion Act
3.2.5 1967- Sexual Offences Act (Homosexuality for males 21+)
3.2.6 1968- Theatre Act
3.2.7 1969- Divorce Act
3.2.8 1969- Voting age reduced to 18
3.3 (NOT DIRECTLY) Autumn 1969- Upswing in world trade, a balance of payments surplus
3.4 Ministry of Arts- funding for Arts Council, broaden cultural opportunities
4 Failures
4.1 George Brown's DEA created a National Plan-Undermined by the treasury, proposals ignored
4.2 1967- £ fell from $2.80 to $2.40
4.2.1 Outbreak of Arab-Israeli war. Closed Suez Canal, trade ↓
4.2.2 Dock strikes in London and Merseyside
4.2.3 Oct 1967- worst monthly trade deficit
4.3 Britain lost super power status
4.4 "In Place of Strife"- Barbara Castle
4.5 Commonwealth Immigrants Act 1968- Tories criticised "racist"
4.6 Despite 1967 devaluation inflation was 12% by 1969-70
4.7 EEC entry refusal
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