Prologue and Act 1 Scene 1

kconnor
Mind Map by kconnor, updated more than 1 year ago
kconnor
Created by kconnor about 5 years ago
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GCSE Romeo and Juliet Mind Map on Prologue and Act 1 Scene 1, created by kconnor on 04/24/2015.

Resource summary

Prologue and Act 1 Scene 1
1 The Prologue is written in the form of a Shakespearean sonnet
1.1 A sonnet has 14 lines, made up from 3 quatrains and a couplet
1.1.1 In the first 3 quatrains the poet outlines a problem and then it is solved in the final couplet
2 Romeo and Juliet are introduced as "star crossed lovers" This implies that FATE and DESTINY may have a part to play in how the story develops
2.1 In Elizabethan society the stars and astrology were thought to control events
3 We learn about an "ancient grudge" between the two "houses" of Capulet and Montague
4 The Prologue does not just set the scene - it describes what is going to happen
4.1 This represents the FATE (death) which Romeo and Juliet cannot escape from
4.2 It also introduces three main themes in the play LOVE, VIOLENCE and the idea of OPPOSITES
5 Sampson and Gregory who are servants of the Capulets see Montague servants approaching - they get involved in a confrontation with them
5.1 This shows how important and serious the feud between the two families is "the quarrel is between our masters, and us their men"
5.1.1 HONOUR, VIOLENCE, HATE
5.2 The violence escalates and Benvolio and Tybalt get involved
5.2.1 Tybalt escaltes the situation and says "What drawn and talk of peace? I hate the word, As I hate hell, all Montagues, and thee"
5.3 They use violent and sexual language "thrust his maids to the wall" "tool" "naked weapon"
5.3.1 This also shows that even the male servants had more power than the female servants in the PATRIARCHAL scoiety
6 The prince arrives on the scene and declares that the violence has to stop and says that if the peace is disturbed again then the punishment will be DEATH
6.1 "If you ever disturb our streets again, Your lives shall pay the forfeit of the peace"
7 We also learn about Romeo's infatuation with Rosaline who does not return his feelings
7.1 "O brawling love, O loving hate"
7.2 He also uses a series of OPPOSITES to describe the agony he feels "Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health"
7.3 This is our first hint that Romeo is in love with the idea of love
8 Montague uses LIGHT and DARK imagery when describing Romeo's recent behaviour
8.1 "Shuts up his windows, locks fair daylight out, And makes himself an artificial night"
8.1.1 This is important later in the play when Romeo starts to describe Juliet using light imagery
9 Romeo's parents are worried about him and discuss this with Benvolio
9.1 They never speak to their son in the play. This relates to the theme YOUTH vs AGE
9.1.1 This can link to the fact that Lady Capulet does not ever speak to Juliet alone, the Nurse and/ or Lord Capulet are always present
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