What were the causes of of the 1905 revolution?

willo118_murphy
Mind Map by willo118_murphy, updated more than 1 year ago
willo118_murphy
Created by willo118_murphy over 6 years ago
176
0

Description

Mind Map on What were the causes of of the 1905 revolution?, created by willo118_murphy on 10/08/2013.

Resource summary

What were the causes of of the 1905 revolution?
1 Social and economic causes
1.1 80% of the polpulation were peasants, most were agricultural workers and most lived in poverty in an already growing population. To make matters worse, there were harvest failures and peasants reacted with extreme violence, attacking government officials
1.2 The Tsarist regime was social and economic in origin. Both in industry and in africulture, Russian peasants and workers faced the uncertainty of poverty and poor living conditions, as a result of this continuous resentment, demans for poltical change had a wiliing audience.
2 Political causes
2.1 By 1905 the demand for political reform was growing rapidly, Russia was still an autocracy and had no elected national parliament.
2.2 Liberals, lawyers and other profesionals wanted the Tsar regime to share political power with a pariliament elected by more wealthy members of the population
2.3 The social revolutionaries. This group was willing to use violence to achieve their aims, they wanted to give political power to the peasnts. They plotted thousands of assasinations.
2.4 Another extreme group, the social democrats who wanted to use revolution to achieve their aims. This group caused much civil unrest because they wanted to give power to the workers and peasants.
3 Immediate causes
3.1 The Russo-Japenese war. Russia aimed to expand its empire and came into to conflict with Japan, and Russia suffered a humiliating defeat and this national humiliation helped to cause major unrest against the government and greatly undermimed support for the Tsars, the fact they looked weak encouraged revolutionaries to act aainst them.
3.2 Bloody sunday - this was a disaster for the government and the Tsar. Peaceful protests turned into a massacre by Tsarist roops firing on the demonstrators. This greatly decresed the Tsar's popularity and destroyed any existing trust between the Tsar and his people
4 How did the revolution develope? These results of the causes will help me determine which cause had the most impact.
4.1 Strikes - There was an outbreak of strikes by industrial workers, this was in response to bloody sunday, this then developed into a far larger general strike - this led to the government becoming seriously threatened. The railway workers went on strike, which stopped troop movement to put down the strikes
4.2 Peasant uprisings - faced with poor harvest and high taxes, there were major peasant revolts across Russia.
4.3 Mutinies - these occured in some army units, these did not do much in terms of affect, but gave the rovolution publicity ans undermimed the Tsars authority.
5 What were the most significant causes?
5.1 1. Bloody sunday - this caused absolute outrage from many members of society, it gave fuel for strikers in the Russian empire, providing them with sympathy for the strikes. I think this was the most important cause because this was the moment when people no longer felt protected by the Tsar, there was no longer any trust between the Tsar and his people which was the greatest spark for the revolution.
5.2 2. Lack of political reform - Russia was still an autocracy, with the Tsar having complete and total control over the country - this was a primitive way of governing a country compared to many Euopean states. There was a huge demand for reform, but the fact that Russia's autocracy was unable to proide it . The only elected body was the Zemstva. The people called for change - and no change came.
5.3 3. The Russo-Japense war - this was the point where Russia ultimately stopped being a great power, in attempting to expand into the east, they suffered a nationaly humiliating defeat. It also helped prolong the revolution as many of the events took place after the revolution had begun.
Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

Acids and Bases
silviaod119
Ratios Quiz
rory.examtime
Theories of Religion
Heloise Tudor
PSYA1 - attachment, AQA psychology
Tess W
1PR101 2.test - Část 19.
Nikola Truong
Control of Microbial Growth
minna baraili
Diagnostico Organizacional Mapa Conceptual
Andrea Varela
Psicopatología de la atención y orientación
Lizeth Vargas
Art & Design in Context
Rosario Flores Arroyo
MAPA CONCEPTUAL DE PROCESOS PSICOLÓGICOS BÁSICOS
Ximena Paz