Psychology Key Approaches

nishipatel600
Mind Map by , created about 6 years ago

Psychodynamic Approach Biological Approach Humanistic Approach Behaviourist Approach Social Learning Theory Cognitive Approach

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nishipatel600
Created by nishipatel600 about 6 years ago
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Psychology Key Approaches
1 Psychodynamic
1.1 Sigmund Freud
1.1.1 Unconscious Mind
1.1.1.1 Psychoanalysis
1.1.1.1.1 Anna O
1.1.1.2 Dream Interpretation
1.1.1.2.1 Wolfman
1.1.2 Psychosexual Stages
1.1.3 Personality Structure
1.1.4 Defence Mechanisms
1.1.5 Unfalsifiable
1.1.5.1 Unscientific
1.1.6 Biased
1.1.6.1 Little Hans
1.1.7 Importance-Memories
1.1.8 Used Today
1.2 Lacks Generalisability
1.3 Children - Sexual Urges?
1.4 Effective?
2 Behaviourist
2.1 B.F.Skinner
2.1.1 Operant Conditioning
2.1.1.1 Skinner's Box
2.1.1.2 +/-ve Reinforcement
2.2 Pavlov
2.2.1 Classical Conditioning
2.2.1.1 Pavlov's Dogs
2.2.2 Unethical
2.3 Tabula Rasa
2.4 Strong 'Nurture' Argument
2.5 Ignores 'Nature'
2.6 Generalisation - Animals and Humans
2.7 Watson and Rayner
2.7.1 Little Albert
2.7.1.1 Phobias
2.8 Behaviour - Environment
2.9 Laws of Learning
3 Cognitive
3.1 Internal Mental Processes
3.2 Human like Computers
3.2.1 Effective Explanation
3.3 Scientific Methods
3.4 Over-Simplistic
3.5 Lab Experiments - Unlike Real Life
4 Biological
4.1 Influence of Genes
4.1.1 Strong 'Nature' Argument
4.1.2 Bock and Goode
4.2 Biological Structures
4.3 Evolution of Behaviour
4.4 Reductionist
4.5 Scientific
4.6 Ignores 'Nurture'
4.7 Unethical?
4.8 Useful
4.8.1 Drugs - Bipolar Depression
4.8.1.1 Cheap
4.8.2 Electro-Convulsive Therapy
4.8.2.1 Dangerous
5 Social Learning Theory
5.1 Mediating Factors
5.1.1 Agrees w/ Cognitive
5.2 Observational Learning
5.3 Strong 'Nurture'
5.4 Generalises Everyone
5.5 Bandura
5.5.1 Bobo Doll
6 Humanistic
6.1 Maslow
6.1.1 Hierarchy of Needs
6.1.1.1 Self-Actualisation
6.1.2 Concept of Self
6.2 Five Core Features
6.3 Carl Rogers
6.3.1 Person-Centred Therapy
6.4 Therapist's Traits
6.5 Free Will Promoted
6.6 Unfalsifiable
6.6.1 Unscientific
6.7 Subjectively studied

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