AQA: Britain and Appeasement 1919-1940 (1)

Sophie Evans
Mind Map by Sophie Evans, updated more than 1 year ago
Sophie Evans
Created by Sophie Evans over 6 years ago
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AQA: Britain and Appeasement 1919-1940 (1)

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AQA: Britain and Appeasement 1919-1940 (1)
  1. Disarmament
    1. Kellogg-Briand Pact
      1. 1928
        1. Outlaw war
          1. Weaknesses
            1. No way of enforcing it
              1. Meaningless
                1. Countries started wars without declaring them
              2. Geneva Disarmament Conference
                1. 1932
                  1. Hitler orded Germany leave, left LoN
                    1. Argued Germany hzd already disarmed while other countries had not
                    2. Britain and USA couldn't offer France military help
                      1. Countries too reluctant to disarm due to likelyhood of war
                      2. Washington Naval Conference
                        1. 1921
                          1. USA, Britain, Japan
                            1. 5-5-3
                              1. London Naval Confrence
                                1. 1930
                                  1. Ratios changed to 10-10-7
                              2. League of Nations
                                1. Attitudes towards it
                                  1. Labour in Britain had trust in it
                                    1. Most countries went against it despite supporting it
                                      1. Weak- had no real implications
                                      2. Collective security
                                        1. Group of countries agreeing to not attack each other and defend each other of attacked
                                          1. Wasn't effective
                                            1. Countries left LoN if they wanted to attack a country
                                              1. Japan in Manchurian Crisis
                                          2. Weaknesses
                                            1. No USA, Germany, USSR, Japan
                                              1. "Very well when sparrows shout, but no good when eagles fall out"
                                                1. Reluctance to use military force
                                                  1. Focused on European issues
                                                    1. Only met once a year
                                                  2. Treaty of Versailles
                                                    1. Harshness
                                                      1. Germany began to comply in 1923
                                                        1. Reparations weren't agreed until 1921
                                                          1. Germans unsure of how much they'd be
                                                        2. Terms
                                                          1. Alsace-Lorraine given to France
                                                            1. Army to 100,000 men
                                                              1. £6.6 bil in reperations
                                                                1. Full blame for the war
                                                                2. Influence
                                                                  1. JM Keynes
                                                                    1. "The Economic Consequences of the Peace"
                                                                      1. Best seller
                                                                        1. Ruin Germany's economy, therefore ruin Europes
                                                                        2. Reason Hitler rose to power
                                                                      2. Fulfilment and Locarno
                                                                        1. Locarno Treaty
                                                                          1. 1925
                                                                            1. Germany, France, Britain, Italy
                                                                              1. Sucesses
                                                                                1. Secured Western borders
                                                                                  1. Germany joined LoN
                                                                                    1. Germany would not put their troops in the Rhineland
                                                                                    2. Failures
                                                                                      1. Didn't secure Eastern borders
                                                                                        1. Britain did not join "Little Entente"
                                                                                          1. "Not one British soldier is worth the bones of Poland"
                                                                                      2. Policy of Fulfilment
                                                                                        1. 1923
                                                                                          1. Gustav Streseman
                                                                                            1. Improve relations
                                                                                              1. If Germany did what they were told, they may be allowed more leeway with hated terms
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