Carbohydrates- polysaccharides and disaccharides.

Connor Joesbury
Mind Map by , created about 6 years ago

Biology (Biochemistry) Mind Map on Carbohydrates- polysaccharides and disaccharides., created by Connor Joesbury on 10/13/2013.

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Connor Joesbury
Created by Connor Joesbury about 6 years ago
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Carbohydrates- polysaccharides and disaccharides.
1 Disaccharides
1.1 Monosaccharides join together to form Polysaccharides.
1.2 Glucose linked to Glucose ---> Maltose.
1.3 Glucose linked to Fructose ---> Sucrose
1.4 Glucose linked to Galactose ---> Lactose
1.5 Enter text here
1.5.1 This is a CONDENSATION REACTION.
1.5.1.1 Forms a GLYCOSIDIC BOND
1.6 When water is added to a Disaccharide it BREAKS the Glycosidic bond
1.6.1 Releasing the Monosaccharides that were previously formed.
1.6.1.1 This is Called a HYDROLYSIS REACTION.
2 Polysaccharides
2.1 Polysaccharides are polymers, formed by combining many monosaccharides
2.1.1 The Monosaccharides are joined by Glycosidic bonds which are formed through CONDENSATION REACTIONS.
2.2 Polysaccharides are very large molecules so are INSOLUBLE.
2.2.1 This means that these Polysaccharides are good for storage, or structure , Such as Cellulose.
2.3 Starch is a Polysaccharide that is formed when between 200 and 100,000 ALPHA Glucose is joined