Geography: Environmental Regions

Delfina Petersen
Mind Map by Delfina Petersen, updated more than 1 year ago
Delfina Petersen
Created by Delfina Petersen over 6 years ago
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Description

Mind Map on Geography: Environmental Regions, created by Delfina Petersen on 05/24/2015.

Resource summary

Geography: Environmental Regions
  1. How climate is affected
    1. Sun
      1. source of light
        1. Source of warmth
        2. Revolution
          1. when the Earth goes around the sun
          2. More sunlight = warmer
            1. Latitude
              1. Tropic of Cancer
                1. Tropic of Capricorn
                  1. Equator
                    1. Arctic Circle
                      1. Antarctic Circle
                        1. Between the Tropics - Low Tropics of Latitude
                          1. Between the Tropics and Circles - Middle Latitudes
                          2. Winds
                            1. Tropics - warm
                              1. Polars - Cold
                              2. Weather - what you actually get
                                1. Climate - what you expect overall
                                2. Climate
                                  1. Britain's Climate
                                    1. Cool Summers
                                      1. Mild Winters
                                        1. Rain throughout the year
                                        2. Desert Climate
                                          1. less than 25mm of rain yearly
                                            1. can be made up of sand, salt, rock and snow
                                              1. Sand dunes shaped by the wind
                                              2. Equatorial Climate
                                                1. Hot and wet yearly
                                                  1. with heavy and consistent precipitation
                                                    1. Species
                                                      1. Snakes
                                                        1. Giant Tortoises
                                                          1. Hummingbird
                                                            1. Tapir
                                                              1. Birds of Prey
                                                                1. Galapagos Iguanas
                                                                  1. Mountain Lion
                                                                    1. Red Eyed Tree Frog
                                                                    2. Landscape
                                                                      1. Rainforest
                                                                        1. waterfall
                                                                          1. mountain
                                                                            1. Volcano
                                                                            2. Similar weather 24/7
                                                                            3. Mediterranean Climate
                                                                              1. 5 Mediterranean zones
                                                                                1. 100% chance of drought and flood
                                                                                  1. Majority of rainfall in Winter
                                                                                    1. Water Stress (people too)
                                                                                      1. Very waxy leaves
                                                                                        1. Plants adapted to fire
                                                                                          1. Plants
                                                                                            1. Rosemary
                                                                                              1. Thyme
                                                                                                1. Pine
                                                                                                  1. Lavender
                                                                                                2. Polar Regions
                                                                                                  1. Antarctic = South Pole
                                                                                                    1. 5th Largest Continent
                                                                                                      1. Officially a desert
                                                                                                        1. Ice on average - 2.5km thick
                                                                                                        2. Arctic = North Pole
                                                                                                          1. Albedo - the reflective capacity of a surface
                                                                                                        3. Types of Rainfall
                                                                                                          1. Convectional
                                                                                                            1. occurs when heated ground warms the air next to it. The warm air then rises, causing thunder storms
                                                                                                            2. Frontal
                                                                                                              1. when warm air has to rise over cold air
                                                                                                              2. Relief
                                                                                                                1. when warm, moist air is forced to rise over mountains
                                                                                                              3. Tropical Rainforest
                                                                                                                1. Forests which grow in the Tropics & Equatorial Climates
                                                                                                                  1. Yearly Sunshine
                                                                                                                    1. 5 layers of vegetation
                                                                                                                      1. Emergent Layer
                                                                                                                        1. Upper Canopy
                                                                                                                          1. contains 50% wildlife
                                                                                                                          2. Lower Canopy
                                                                                                                            1. Forest Floor
                                                                                                                              1. 2 inches deep
                                                                                                                                1. Shrub Layer
                                                                                                                                2. Very humid
                                                                                                                                  1. Adaptations
                                                                                                                                    1. To change, according to your circumstance or environment
                                                                                                                                      1. Plant and animals have adapted to living in the Tropical Rainforest
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