Russia before WWI

daniellelim2000
Mind Map by daniellelim2000, updated more than 1 year ago
daniellelim2000
Created by daniellelim2000 over 6 years ago
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iGCSE Russian History Mind Map

Resource summary

Russia before WWI
  1. Geography
    1. Huge country, very difficult to rule over such a large area.
      1. Lots of different nationalities (different languages, different aims)
        1. Communications
          1. Climate
            1. Railways
              1. 170 million people. 80% were peasants
              2. Towns
                1. Industrialisation began by 1900
                  1. People flooded into cities/towns to work in new factories
                  2. Living and working conditions were appaling
                    1. Lots of towns, however in very rural places, very spread out.
                      1. Therefore no guarantee for food
                      2. Bread queues were a feature of life.
                        1. Cheap wooden lodgings
                          1. Crops cannot sustain the population
                          2. The Tsar
                            1. The tsar ruled completely
                              1. Absolute Monarch
                              2. Harsh and repressive rule
                                1. Strong link between Russian Orthodox Church
                                  1. They influence him
                                  2. Tsar Nicholas wanted to 'turn back the clock', not modernise.
                                    1. no change, no elections
                                    2. No parliament, No elections
                                    3. Countryside
                                      1. Russia was mostly rural and rural area were very poor
                                        1. 4 out of every 5 Russians was a peasant.
                                          1. Used old fashioned methods of farming. Bad harvest lead to famine.
                                          2. 40% of the land was farmable.
                                            1. Crops cannot sustain the population.
                                            2. The Opposition
                                              1. Opposition to the Tsar was illegal.
                                                1. Ideas spread quickly amongst people in the cities.
                                                  1. The tsar repressed this with the secret police (Okrana)
                                                  2. Socialist revolutionaries promised peasants.
                                                    1. Bolsheviks-promised workers
                                                      1. Sent prisoners to Siberia (people who opposed)
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