Sheldons somatotype theory

Mind Map by issiscott12, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by issiscott12 over 6 years ago


Sheldons somatotype theory

Resource summary

Sheldons somatotype theory
  1. Endomorph
    1. Soft, fat and rounded
      1. Social, relaxed character
      2. Mesmorph
        1. Hard and muscular
          1. Aggressive and adventurous - criminal type
          2. Ectomorph
            1. skinny and fragile
              1. Shy and introverted
              2. Argued that there are three body types and each has a associated temperament
                1. Study of 200 male delinquents, rated a full length picture out of 7 - Sheldon found male criminal delinquents had a mesomorphic body type
                  1. The theory established and reinforced the idea of the criminal stereotype
                    1. Even if theres a link between body type and criminality it isn't necessarily casual. It is possible that muscular people are treated tougher and so become tougher due to a self-fufilling prophecy
                      1. High testosterone levels could effect both body shape and aggressive behaviour - Blackburn
                        1. Evidence to support the theory is mixed -
                          1. glueck - found a link between body shape and delinquency
                            1. West and Farrington - Found no such link between body shape and delinquency
                            2. Cortes and Gatti argued that sheldon's classification of the somatotypes was unreliable
                              1. Sutherland criticised Sheldons sample of delinquents suggesting he did not use legal criteria in defining delinquent.
                                1. When data was reanalysed with legal criteria, Sutherland found that the link was no longer present
                                2. Even though some research has shown a link between mesomorphy and criminal behaviour there could be other explanations
                                  1. Individuals with a mesomorphic body type may learn from an early age that behaving aggressively is the only way to get what hey want.
                                    1. Muscular body tpe may be aggressive to gangs and so mesomorphs would be more likely to join a gang
                                    Show full summary Hide full summary


                                    History of Psychology
                                    Biological Psychology - Stress
                                    Gurdev Manchanda
                                    Memory Key words
                                    Sammy :P
                                    Psychology A1
                                    Ellie Hughes
                                    Psychology subject map
                                    Jake Pickup
                                    Psychology | Unit 4 | Addiction - Explanations
                                    Bowlby's Theory of Attachment
                                    Jessica Phillips
                                    The Biological Approach to Psychology
                                    Gabby Wood
                                    Chapter 5: Short-term and Working Memory
                                    Cognitive Psychology - Capacity and encoding
                                    T W
                                    Psychology and the MCAT
                                    Sarah Egan