ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE

cristydelrin
Mind Map by cristydelrin, updated more than 1 year ago
cristydelrin
Created by cristydelrin about 5 years ago
2265
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Students will have a view of the difference of active and pasive voice, examples of different tenses though a simple and clear map.
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ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE
1 ACTIVE VOICE
1.1 USES
1.1.1 When the subject acts, the verb is active.
1.1.1.1 TENSES AND EXAMPLES
1.1.1.1.1 SIMPLE PRESENT
1.1.1.1.1.1 Louis writes a letter
1.1.1.1.2 PAST SIMPLE
1.1.1.1.2.1 Sue changed the flat tire
1.1.1.1.3 PRESENT CONTINUOUS
1.1.1.1.3.1 We are going to watch a movie tonight
1.1.1.1.4 PAST CONTINUOUS
1.1.1.1.4.1 Mary was reding a novel last month
1.1.1.1.5 PRESENT PERFECT
1.1.1.1.5.1 Ann has visited Paris
1.1.1.1.6 PAST PERFECT
1.1.1.1.6.1 We had already bought the tickets
1.1.1.1.7 FUTURE
1.1.1.1.7.1 Richard wil prepare pasta for dinner
1.2 The active voice is more direct and vigorous than the passive.
2 PASSIVE VOICE
2.1 USES
2.1.1 Passive voice is used when the focus is on the action
2.1.1.1 TO BE + PAST PARTICIPLE
2.1.1.2 FORMULA
2.2 TENSES AND EXAMPLES
2.2.1 SIMPLE PRESENT
2.2.1.1 A letter is written by Louis
2.2.2 PRESENT CONTINUOUS
2.2.2.1 A movie is going to be watched by us tonight
2.2.3 PAST SIMPLE
2.2.3.1 The flat tire was changed by Sue
2.2.4 PAST CONTINUOUS
2.2.4.1 A novel was being read by Mary last month
2.2.5 PRESETN PERFECT
2.2.5.1 Paris has been visited by Ann
2.2.6 PAST PERFECT
2.2.6.1 The tickets had alredy been bought by us
2.2.7 FUTURE
2.2.7.1 Pasta will be prepared for dinner by Richard
3 Sentences can be active or passive
3.1 The object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence
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