3 Approaches to Argument

Mind Map by 1067287, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by 1067287 over 6 years ago


A mind Map of 3 Types of Approaches to an Argument

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3 Approaches to Argument
  1. The Classical Approach
    1. This Approach to an argument was invented by a very famous philosopher named Aristotle. The best time to use this type of argument would be during a persuasive type of argument. You want the audience to agree with your type of persuasive argument.
      1. The Classical Approah is built up heavily on The Three Appeals; Logos, Pathos and Ethos
        1. Organized to get your audience to agree, make a desicion based on your view, or take your side of the argument.
          1. Rely's heavily on Ethos, Logos, and Pathos
            1. Introduction: Captures Attention of audience
              1. Statement of Fact: Clarrify your issue by using lots of background evidence and facts
                1. Proposition: State your central thesis using supportive points to back up your claim
                  1. Refutation:: Take a look at the oppositions argument. Point out the faults throughout their argument and use it to support your claim
                    1. Substantiation and Proof:Develope your own case using ethos, pathos and logos. Example will be needed.
                      1. Conclusion: Summarize by foreshadowing onto your paragraphs and re explain your claim/thesis
          2. The Toulmin's Approach
            1. Created by an English philosopher, and logoician.
              1. Identified the elements of a persuasive argument; claims, grounds, Warrants, Backing, Qualifier, & Rebutal
                1. Claim: A statement that you as the author use to convince the reader to accept.
                  1. Grounds: Basis of the persuasion throughout the essay. This is what the claim is based on.
                    1. Warrant: Connects the data and other grounds to a claim. May be simple, or complicated. Mainly used/based on ethos, pathos, and logos
                      1. Backing:Gives support to the warrant by answering multiple questions
                        1. Rebuttal An argument in itself.
              2. The Rogerian Approach
                1. Named after the Psychologist Carl Rogers. He believed that people could only win or have a good argument if they had "Common Ground." The Common Ground starts with and Introduction, then a Neutral and kind statement of the opponents position, next is an analysis, and then a proposal.
                  1. Introduction: Briefly Defines the issue or problem
                    1. Neutral or Non Judgmental State of the opponents Position: Demonstrates that the writer clearly understands it while using it in context
                      1. Neutral Statement and Explanation: Position and the contexts of which it is valid
                        1. Analysis: Of what the two positions have in common and what common grounds they both share
                          1. A Proposal: A conclusion that is made that benifits both parties
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