British environmental theories-locality and crime

Hunaiza Sarfraz
Mind Map by , created almost 6 years ago

Mind Map on British environmental theories-locality and crime, created by Hunaiza Sarfraz on 10/25/2013.

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Hunaiza Sarfraz
Created by Hunaiza Sarfraz almost 6 years ago
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British environmental theories-locality and crime
1 Morris- tipping in Croydon: local council puts 'problem families' together in one area, increasing the rate of crime.
2 Baldwin and Bottoms- troublesome families move in, 'decent' families move out: anti-social families are placed in the same area, making law-abiding families move out, bringing in more problemed families;making crime levels higher.
2.1 They argue the solution is to not place all anti-social families together.
2.2 Kelson and Clarke- broken window theory: a broken window left unmended will cause others to also break and eventually lead to more serious crimes.
3 Privatisation of public space: in recent years, public spaces such as shopping and leisure centres have been made private and are monitored through CCTV. People who wnat to commit crime may instead go to 'sink estates' where they know are they are not being watched and will be criminal there instead, leading to higher rates of crime in sink estates.
4 Hobbs and Lister- nocturnal economy: there is a growth in nightlife in the UK; there are places to go such as pubs and clubs. People who are out at night are more likely than in the morning to be drunk or drugged. making them more likely to commit crimes. Three quarters of all violent crime occurs on the weekend between 9PM and 3AM.
5 CRITICISM- Gill-Liverpool, Luke Street: these theories do not explain why Luke Street had gotten a bad reputation in the first place. If you had a Luke Street address it was hard to find a job and if you tried to defend it, your behaviour would be interpreted as troublesome. The police targetted this area, making crimes which occur there more detectable. The mass media reported crime there and the reputation was continually reinforced. The way in which people interacted with and labelled Luke Street is what caused the delinquency, not tipping etc.

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