Fundamental Economic Concepts

Finian O'Driscoll
Mind Map by Finian O'Driscoll, updated more than 1 year ago More Less
Created by gjethwani about 6 years ago
Finian O'Driscoll
Copied by Finian O'Driscoll about 6 years ago


Covers important underlying concepts in economics

Resource summary

Fundamental Economic Concepts
  1. Economic Systems
    1. Market System


      • Pure market systems are free of government intervention. Price mechanism is how the three questions are answered which makes the consumer soveriegn.  Price acts as a signal, rationing device and incentive and can transfer preference. Firms respond to increased demands to achieve profits. The invisible hand. Assumption is consumers aim to maximise utility
      1. Centrally Planned


        • 100% government influence and the 3 questions are attempted to be answered by them. Failed experiments in Soviet Union and China - Communists. No consumer or producer soveriegnity. Government decides what, how and for whom the produce goes to. Profit is not an objective. Factories get production targets.
        1. Mixed Economy


          • Blend of market and planned economies. Quantity varies massively. Most ecnonomies are mixed. Most efficient as benefits of both government intervention and market forces.
        2. Scarcity of Resources
          1. Opportunity Cost
            1. Next best alternative foregone when a choice is made
              1. The Production Possibility Frontier (PPF)


                • A curve depicting all maximum output possibilities for two or more goods given a set of inputs (resources, labor, etc.).  The PPF assumes that all inputs are used efficiently.
            2. Infinite Needs but Finite Resources
            3. Three Key Economic Questions
              1. What to produce?
                1. How to produce?
                  1. For whom are the goods produced?
                  2. Theory of Comparative Advantage


                    • If our country can produce some set of goods at lower cost than a foreign country, and if the foreign country can produce some other set of goods at a lower cost than we can produce them, then clearly it would be best for us to trade our relatively cheaper goods for their relatively cheaper goods. In this way both countries may gain from trade.
                    • The theory of comparative advantage states that if countries specialise in producing goods where they have a lower opportunity cost – then there will be an increase in economic welfare.


                    1. 4 Factors of Production
                      1. Land
                        1. Human Labour
                          1. Capital & Investment
                            1. Enterprise & Business
                            2. Demand, Supply and Market Equilibrium Theory
                              1. Law of Demand
                                1. Law of Supply
                                  1. Equilibrium State/Price
                                    1. Economic Goods
                                      1. Price Elasticity
                                        1. Factors Affecting Demand & Supply
                                          1. Movements & Shifts in Demand/Supply Behaviour
                                        Show full summary Hide full summary


                                        Using GoConqr to study Economics
                                        Sarah Egan
                                        Emily Fenton
                                        Economics - unit 1
                                        Amardeep Kumar
                                        AN ECONOMIC OVERVIEW OF IRELAND AND THE WORLD 2015/16
                                        John O'Driscoll
                                        Using GoConqr to teach Economics
                                        Sarah Egan
                                        Functions of Money
                                        Comparative advantage
                                        GCSE - Introduction to Economics
                                        James Dodd
                                        Market & Technology Dynamics
                                        Tris Stindt
                                        PMP Formulas
                                        Economic Growth
                                        Maya Khangura