Endocrine Glands, Hormones

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Endocrine Glands, Hormones
  1. Anterior Pituitary Gland
    1. Growth Hormone
      1. Targets most tissues
      2. Thyroid-stimulating hormone(TSH)
        1. Targets Thyroid Gland
        2. Adrenocorticotropic Hormone(ACTH)
          1. Targets Adrenal Cortex
          2. Melanocyte-stimulating hormone(MSH)
            1. Targets Melanocytes in skin
            2. Luteinizing hormone(LH) or interstitial cell-stimulating hormone (ISCH)
              1. Targets Ovary in females, testis in males
              2. Follicle-stimulating hormone(FSH)
                1. Targets Follicles in ovary in females, seminiferous tubules in males
                2. Prolactin
                  1. Targets Ovary and mammary gland in females, testis in males
                3. Posterior Pituitary Gland
                  1. Antidiuretic hormone(ADH)
                    1. Targets Kidney
                    2. Oxytocin
                      1. Targets Uterus and mammary Gland
                    3. Thyroid Gland
                      1. Thyroid hormones(thyroxine, triiodothyronine)
                        1. Targets most cells of the body
                        2. Calcitonin
                          1. Targets primarily bone
                        3. Parathyroid Gland
                          1. Parathyroid hormone
                            1. Targets bone, kidney
                          2. Adrenal medulla
                            1. Epinephrine mostly, some norepinephrine
                              1. Targets heart, blood vessels, liver, fat cells
                            2. Adrenal cortex
                              1. Mineralocorticoids(aldosterone)
                                1. Targets kidneys, intestine and sweat glands
                                2. Glucocorticoids(cortisol)
                                  1. Targets most tissues(liver, fat, skeletal muscle, immune tissues)
                                  2. Adrenal androgens
                                    1. Targets most tissues
                                  3. Pancreas
                                    1. Insulin
                                      1. Targets liver, skeletal muscle, adipose tissue
                                      2. Glucagon
                                        1. Targets primarily liver
                                      3. Testes
                                        1. Testosterone
                                          1. Targets most tissues
                                        2. Ovaries
                                          1. Estrogens, progesterone
                                            1. Targets most tissues
                                          2. Uterus, ovaries, inflamed tissues
                                            1. Prostaglandins
                                              1. Targets most tissues
                                            2. Thymus
                                              1. Thymosin
                                                1. Targets Immune tissues
                                              2. Pineal Gland
                                                1. Melatonin
                                                  1. Targets among others, hypothalamus
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