Louis XVI called a meeting of
the Estates-General at
Versailes the 5th of May where
the 3rd estate said they
wanted a constitutional
government so they weren't
the only ones paying taxes.
3rd estate deputies were locked. Locked,
they moved to a tennis court and swore to
continue meeting till they had a new
constitution (Tennis Court Oath).
Fall of the Bastille
Parisians fight Bastille (prison) till the prison
warden surrounded and then destroyed it.
Rebellion were spreading till the king's
authority collapsed in Paris and peasants
reacted with breaking into houses of lords.
As a result of the rebellions, the
National Assembly reacted and
took away all the privileges of the
clergy and nobles.
Declaration of the
Rights of Man
The National Assembly was inspired
by the English Bill Rights and made the
Declarations of the Rights of Man on August 26.
The Declaration reflected Enlightenment the ideas about all
men being equal and free. Olympe de Gouges did not accept
the exclusion of women and wrote about women being as
capable as men in political businesses.
End of the Monarchy.
First French Republic
Louis XVI did
nothing util he
returned to Paris
with his family and
were kind of
The Constitution of 1791 said that
there would still be a king but all
the laws would be the responsibility
of a Legislative Assembly.
Citizens ere not happy with food shortages and the defeats in the war so they
attached the royal palace and de Legislative Assembly. Citizens made the Legislative
Assembly to take off royalty
Louis XVI was executed on January 21, 1793.
National Convention was led by Georges Danton.
Reign of Terror
The Committee of Public Safety took care
of the government and made new policies
that resulted to be the Reign of Terror.
During this, over 40,000 people
were killed mostly for rebelling
against the Convention. Like
Marie Antoniette and Olympe
A Nation in Arms
New French army that
conquered Austria Netherlands
and defeated foreign enemies
and there was no need for the
Reign of Terror.
on July 28, 1794
New Constitution (1795)
The Rise of Napoleon & Empire
Napoleon ended the
Revolution when he
came to power in 1799.
He took part in the coup d´état. Napoleon was
made consul. He mended thing with the
church. He created a new aristocracy.Freedom,
equality and liberal traditions.
He crowned himself. First
The Fall of Napoleon
didn't last as long
thanks to nationalism
and Britain's ability to
"Great Retreat" happened to Napoleon's soldiers when
crossing Russia and lost thousands of men. Nationalism.
People weren't ready to support an empire.
Napoleon got defeated by a British and
Prussian army led by the Duke of Wellington.
Napoleon was in exile until he died in 1821.