Gerund & Infinitive Uses

alex.hernandez
Mind Map by , created almost 6 years ago

Mind Map on Gerund & Infinitive Uses, created by alex.hernandez on 11/07/2013.

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alex.hernandez
Created by alex.hernandez almost 6 years ago
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Gerund & Infinitive Uses
1 Gerunds
1.1 Types
1.1.1 As subject
1.1.1.1 Example
1.1.1.1.1 Traveling might satisfy your desire for new experiences. (Traveling is the gerund.)
1.1.2 As a direct object
1.1.2.1 Example
1.1.2.1.1 They do not appreciate my singing. (The gerund is singing.)
1.1.3 As a subject complement
1.1.3.1 Example
1.1.3.1.1 My cat's favorite activity is sleeping. (The gerund is sleeping.)

Attachments:

1.1.4 As object of preposition
1.1.4.1 Example
1.1.4.1.1 The police arrested him for speeding. (The gerund is speeding.)
1.2 How to form it
1.2.1 Verb + ing
2 Infinitive
2.1 How to form it
2.1.1 To + verb
2.2 The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of the verb intended.
2.2.1 We intended to leave early.
2.2.1.1 to leave (infinitive)
2.2.1.2 early (adverb)
2.3 The infinitive phrase functions as an adjective modifying paper.
2.3.1 I have a paper to write before class.
2.3.1.1 to write (infinitive)
2.3.1.2 before class (prepositional phrase as adverb)
2.4 The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of the verb agreed
2.4.1 Phil agreed to give me a ride.
2.4.1.1 to give (infinitive)
2.4.1.2 me (indirect object of action expressed in infinitive)
2.4.1.3 a ride (direct object of action expressed in infinitive)
2.5 The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of the verb asked.
2.5.1 They asked me to bring some food.
2.5.1.1 me (actor or "subject" of infinitive phrase)
2.5.1.2 to bring (infinitive)
2.5.1.3 some food (direct object of action expressed in infinitive)
2.6 The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of the verb wanted
2.6.1 Everyone wanted Carol to be the captain of the team
2.6.1.1 Carol (actor or "subject" of infinitive phrase)
2.6.1.2 to be (infinitive)
2.6.1.3 the captain (subject complement for Carol, via state of being expressed in infinitive)
2.6.1.4 of the team (prepositional phrase as adjective)

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