Chemical components of the cells

Mind Map by jorgedejesus.gar, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by jorgedejesus.gar almost 5 years ago



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Chemical components of the cells
1 composition of elements
1.2 atom
1.2.1 dense nucleus with positive charge
1.2.2 clound of electrons in tissues exist realigment
1.2.3 proton
1.2.4 neutron stability
1.2.5 in tissues external electronic orbitals incomplete
2 chemical bond
2.1 ionic bond
2.1.1 give up electrons
2.2 covalent bond
2.2.1 share electrons
2.2.2 molecule the cell depent of
2.2.3 polar interaction between molecules by electronic forces
2.3 bond force
2.3.1 quantity of energy that is necessary for break a bond simple double
3 Bonds
3.1 Energy
3.1.1 Energy needes to break the bond Kcal/mol KJ/mol
3.2 Covalent bond
3.2.1 Don´t break for warming Break with specific reactions
3.2.2 simple bond Allows simple rotation of the molecule
3.2.3 Doble bond Shorter and stronger More rigid and less flexible atoms
3.2.4 Polar structure Negative pole at one extreme Positive pole at one extreme
3.2.5 In water solutions 10 to 100 times stronger
3.3 Non covalent
3.3.1 Weaker
3.4 Formation and rupture
3.4.1 by enzimes
4 H2O
4.1 Hydrogen bond
4.1.1 Weaker than covalents
4.1.2 Weak non covalent bond
4.2 Covalent bonds with oxygen
4.3 Web of molecules
4.3.1 Constant formation and rupture
4.4 Dissolved ions
4.4.1 Hidrophilics Charges
4.4.2 Hidophobes Without charges
5 Protons
5.1 Acidity
5.1.1 Weak
5.1.2 Strong
6 Base
6.1 Strong
6.2 Weak
7 Buffers
7.1 Neutral
8 Cells
8.1 Carbono
8.1.1 4 covalent bonds Estables
8.1.2 Molecules Organic Cytoplasm Fatty acids, aminoacids, nucleotides Sugars Monosaccharides Polisaccharides Inorganic
9 Fatty acid
9.1 carboxyl group
9.1.1 hydrophilic very reactive
9.2 long chain hydrocarbon
9.2.1 hydrophobic unreactive
9.3 amphipathic
9.4 food reserve for cell
9.4.1 in the cytoplasm triacylglycerol
9.5 form membranes
10 amino acids
10.1 carboxylic acid group
10.2 carboxylic acid group
10.3 protein formation
10.3.1 peptide bond
10.3.2 20 types of amino acids isomers D-type L-type
11 nucleotides
11.1 nucleotide bases
11.1.1 pyrimidines cytosine thymine uraci
11.1.2 purines guanine adenine
11.2 energy carriers
11.3 store genetic information
11.3.1 Nucleic acid components RNA A,G,C,U instructions conveyor DNA A,G,C,T repository of genetic information
12 macromolecules
12.1 formation of weak noncovalent bonds
12.1.1 plication specific functions like proteins
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