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Ancient Civs.

Description

Rough mind map covering Mesopotamia, Egypt, Indus-Valley, and China.
Clay Johnson
Mind Map by Clay Johnson, updated more than 1 year ago
Clay Johnson
Created by Clay Johnson over 6 years ago
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Resource summary

Ancient Civs.
  1. Mesopotamia
    1. Between the Tigris; Euphrates Rivers
      1. First Civilazations
        1. Sumerians-1st known civ.
          1. Anthropomorphic gods
            1. Ziggurat at Ur
              1. Ziggurat: a religious temple that doubled as civic center
              2. cuneiform: writing system
                1. Gilgamesh: oldest written epic; first account of Noah's ark story
              3. Akkadian Empire
                1. After Summerians
                  1. First Empire
                    1. Ruled when Sargon conquered Summerians
                      1. Example of priest loosing power to military over time
                      2. Judaism appeared
                      3. Amorites
                        1. After Akkad Empire
                          1. Led by Hammurabi
                            1. Hammurabi was first to have code of law
                          2. Assyrians
                            1. Led by Ashurbannipal
                            2. Chaldeans
                              1. Babylonians
                                1. Led by Nebuchadnezzer
                                2. Religon
                                  1. Judaism
                                    1. Abraham left Ur and settled in Jerusalem
                                      1. Yahweh's covenant with his people
                                        1. Tora: 1st 5 books of the bible
                                          1. Most sacred Jewish text
                                          2. 10 commandments
                                            1. 1st: no other gods
                                              1. 2nd: no graven images
                                                1. 9th: don't steal
                                                  1. 3rd: don't take gad's name in vain
                                                    1. 4th: Remember Sabbath
                                                      1. 5th: Respect Parents
                                                        1. 6th: don't kill/murder
                                                          1. 7th: don't lie
                                                            1. 8th: don't want something others have
                                                              1. 10th: no adultury
                                                              2. Jewish slavery: made judaism widespeard
                                                            2. Egypt
                                                              1. Nile was the lifeblood
                                                                1. Period of Inundation
                                                                  1. Periods when the Nile flooded
                                                                2. Narmer
                                                                  1. United Upper (southern) and Lower (nothern) Egypt
                                                                  2. King Tutankhamom (Tut)
                                                                    1. Despised by Egyptians
                                                                      1. Most intact tomb
                                                                        1. Tomb found by Howard-Carter
                                                                        2. Tomb in Valley of Kings
                                                                          1. Valley where new kingdom kings are buried
                                                                        3. Champollion
                                                                          1. Found Rosetta Stone
                                                                            1. Decipher Hieroglyphics
                                                                          2. Isolation-minded government
                                                                            1. Religon
                                                                              1. Pyramids
                                                                                1. Djoser Step pyramid
                                                                                  1. First pyramid attemp
                                                                                  2. Giza Pyramids
                                                                                    1. Oldest Natural wonder
                                                                                    2. Kings had to be burried underground in "Valley of Kings" to avoid grave robbers
                                                                                    3. 3 main gods
                                                                                      1. Osiris: underworld god
                                                                                        1. Horus: god representing ruling Pharoph
                                                                                          1. Isis:fertility goddes
                                                                                      2. Indus-Valley
                                                                                        1. Cities
                                                                                          1. Harappa
                                                                                            1. Farther up the Indus River
                                                                                            2. Mohenjo-Daro
                                                                                              1. First planned city
                                                                                                1. Close to Arabian Sea
                                                                                              2. Vedic Age
                                                                                                1. Aryan Migration
                                                                                                  1. Largely pastoral and warriors
                                                                                                2. Religon
                                                                                                  1. The Vedas
                                                                                                    1. Religious Hindu text
                                                                                                      1. in sanskrit
                                                                                                        1. hyms
                                                                                                          1. poems
                                                                                                            1. prayers
                                                                                                              1. magical spells
                                                                                                                1. list of gods/goddesses
                                                                                                                2. Social Hierachy
                                                                                                                  1. !st: Brahmins
                                                                                                                    1. 2nd: Kshatriyas
                                                                                                                      1. Based on reincarnation
                                                                                                                        1. 3rd: Vaishyas
                                                                                                                          1. 4th: Shudras
                                                                                                                            1. Pariahs: Untouchables
                                                                                                                              1. not considers part of the social class
                                                                                                                            2. Brahman-supreme god
                                                                                                                              1. 3 forms
                                                                                                                                1. Brahma-creater
                                                                                                                                  1. Vishnu-preserver
                                                                                                                                    1. Shiva-destroyer
                                                                                                                                  2. Yoga
                                                                                                                                    1. Hatha Yoga-physical
                                                                                                                                      1. Karma Yoga-good deeds
                                                                                                                                        1. Shana Yoga-knowledge
                                                                                                                                          1. Bhakti Yoga-devotion to god
                                                                                                                                            1. Raja Yoga-meditation
                                                                                                                                          2. Sanskrit is written language
                                                                                                                                          3. Chinese
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