Tenses

Rodrigo Peña Carranz
Mind Map by Rodrigo Peña Carranz, updated more than 1 year ago
Rodrigo Peña Carranz
Created by Rodrigo Peña Carranz almost 5 years ago
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HOMEWORK ABOUT TENSES
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Tenses
1 Past
1.1 Past Simple
1.1.1 Use
1.1.1.1 Actions that happened in the past
1.1.1.1.1 Structure
1.1.1.1.1.1 (+) S + VP (-) S + AUX"DO" IN PAST + NOT + V (?) AUX "DO" IN PAST + S + V + ?
1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Examples
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 (+) I swam (-) I did not swim (?) Did you swim?
1.2 Past Continous
1.2.1 Use
1.2.1.1 Emphasis on the course of an action in the past, particular moment in the past
1.2.1.1.1 Structure
1.2.1.1.1.1 (+) S + AUX "BE" IN PAST + V ing (-) S + AUX"BE" + NOT + V ing (?) AUX "BE" + S + V ing + ?
1.2.1.1.1.1.1 Examples
1.2.1.1.1.1.1.1 (+) You were crying / He was crying (-) You were not crying / He was not crying (?) Were you crying? / Was he crying?
1.3 Past Perfect
1.3.1 Use
1.3.1.1 Actions in the past before another happend.
1.3.1.1.1 Structure
1.3.1.1.1.1 (+) S + AUX "HAVE" IN PAST + VPP (-) S + AUX "HAVE" IN PAST + NOT + VPP (?) AUX "HAVE" IN PAST + S + VPP + ?
1.3.1.1.1.1.1 Examples
1.3.1.1.1.1.1.1 (+) He had eaten (-) He had not eaten (?) Had he eaten?
1.4 Past Perfect Continous
1.4.1 Use
1.4.1.1 Actions that were unfinished when another action started
1.4.1.1.1 Structure
1.4.1.1.1.1 (+) S + AUX "HAVE" IN PAST + BEEN + V ing (-) S + HAD + NOT + BEEN + V ing (?) AUX "HAVE" IN PAST + S + BEEN + V ing + ?
1.4.1.1.1.1.1 Examples
1.4.1.1.1.1.1.1 (+) I had been running (-) I had not been running (?) Had you been running
2 Present
2.1 Present Simple - here we use the verb in simple form but with 3rd person we ad an -s at after the verb
2.1.1 Use
2.1.1.1 General Information, habits, facts, states, actions taking place one after another
2.1.1.1.1 Structure
2.1.1.1.1.1 (+) S + V/Vs (-) S + DO/DOES + NOT + V (?) DO/DOES + S + V + ?
2.1.1.1.1.1.1 Examples
2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 (+) I work / She works (-) I do not work /She does not work (?) Do you work ? / Does she work ?
2.2 Present Continous
2.2.1 Use
2.2.1.1 Action that is happening now, action in the future
2.2.1.1.1 Structure
2.2.1.1.1.1 (+) S + AUX "BE" + V ing (-) S + AUX "BE" + NOT + V ing (?) AUX "BE" + S + V ing + ?
2.2.1.1.1.1.1 Examples
2.2.1.1.1.1.1.1 (+) She is dancing (-) She is not dancing (?) Is she dancing?
2.3 Present Perfect
2.3.1 Use
2.3.1.1 Emphasis, action that stopped recently or still going on, change
2.3.1.1.1 Structure
2.3.1.1.1.1 (+) S + HAVE + VPP (-) S+ HAVE + NOT + VPP (?) HAVE + S + VPP + ?
2.3.1.1.1.1.1 Examples
2.3.1.1.1.1.1.1 (+) She has been to Gto. (-) She has not been to Gto. (?) Has she been to Gto?
2.4 Present Perfect Continous
2.4.1 Use
2.4.1.1 Emphasis on the course of an action, action that recently stopped/ still going on/influenced in the present.
2.4.1.1.1 Structure
2.4.1.1.1.1 (+) S + AUX "HAVE" + BEEN + V ing (-) S + AUX "HAVE" + NOT + BEEN + V ing (?) AUX "HAVE" + S + BEEN + V ing + ?
2.4.1.1.1.1.1 Examples
2.4.1.1.1.1.1.1 (+) I have been playing / He has been playing (-) I have not been playing / He has not been playing (?) Have you been playing? / Has he been playing?
3 Future
3.1 Future Simple 1 and 2
3.1.1 Use
3.1.1.1 1 - Action that can not be influenced, spontaneous decision, assumption
3.1.1.1.1 Structure 1
3.1.1.1.1.1 (+) S + AUX "WILL" + V (-) S + AUX"WILL" + NOT + V (?) AUX "WILL" + S + V + ?
3.1.1.1.1.1.1 Examples
3.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 (+) I will run (-) I will not run (?) Will you run?
3.1.1.2 2 - Decision made for the future, conclusion
3.1.1.2.1 Structure 2
3.1.1.2.1.1 (+) S + AUX "BE" + GOING TO + V (-) S + AUX "BE" + NOT + GOING TO + V (?) AUX"BE" + S + GOING TO + V + ?
3.1.1.2.1.1.1 Examples
3.1.1.2.1.1.1.1 (+) He is going to run (-) He is not going to run (?) Is he going to run?
3.2 Future Contunous
3.2.1 Use
3.2.1.1 Action that is sure to happen, in a certain time in the future.
3.2.1.1.1 Structure
3.2.1.1.1.1 (+) S + AUX "WILL" + BE + V ing (-) S + AUX "WILL" + NOT + BE + V ing (?) AUX "WILL" +S+ BE+ V ing + ?
3.2.1.1.1.1.1 Examples
3.2.1.1.1.1.1.1 (+) He will be doing homework later today (-) He will not be doing homework later today (+) Will he be doing homework later today?
3.3 Future Perfect
3.3.1 Use
3.3.1.1 Action in the future before another or to be completed.
3.3.1.1.1 Structure
3.3.1.1.1.1 (+) S + AUX"WILL" + HAVE + VPP (-) S + AUX "WILL" + NOT + HAVE + VPP (?) WILL + S + HAVE + VPP + ?
3.3.1.1.1.1.1 Examples
3.3.1.1.1.1.1.1 (+) He will have arrived (-) He will not have arrived (?) Will he have arrived?
3.4 Future Perfect Continous
3.4.1 Use
3.4.1.1 Actions that will be unfinished, but have reached a certain stage
3.4.1.1.1 Structure
3.4.1.1.1.1 (+) S + AUX "WILL" + HAVE + BEEN + V ing (-) S + AUX "WILL" + NOT + HAVE + BEEN + V ing (?) AUX "WILL" + S + HAVE + BEEN + V ing + ?
3.4.1.1.1.1.1 Examples
3.4.1.1.1.1.1.1 (+) You will have been dancing (-) You will not have been dancing (?) Will you have been dancing
4 Kathleen M. Johnson, C. C. (2002). Essential English Workbook 1. México D.F.: Comercializadora Projmojol.
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