Tenses

Lisset Alonso
Mind Map by Lisset Alonso, updated more than 1 year ago
Lisset Alonso
Created by Lisset Alonso almost 5 years ago
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Tenses
1 Present
1.1 Simple Present
1.1.1 Structure
1.1.1.1 NEGATIVE Subject + do/does + not + verb + complement
1.1.1.1.1 EXAMPLE He does not like movies
1.1.1.2 INTERROGATIVE Do/does + subject + verb + complement?
1.1.1.2.1 EXAMPLE Do you speak English?
1.1.1.3 POSITIVE Subject + verb in simple form + complement
1.1.1.3.1 EXAMPLE She smokes every day
1.1.2 IS USE TO Express situations in the moment, repited actions, facts or generalizations, scheduled events in the near future
1.2 Present Perfect Continuous
1.2.1 Structure
1.2.1.1 POSITIVE Subject + have/has + been + verb with ing + complement
1.2.1.1.1 EXAMPLE I have been reading magazines
1.2.1.2 NEGATIVE Subject + have/has + not + been + verb with ing + complement
1.2.1.2.1 EXAMPLE They have not been talking to native speakers
1.2.1.3 INTERROGATIVE Have/has + subject + been + vern with ing +complement?
1.2.1.3.1 EXAMPLE Has he been writing in his notebook?
1.2.2 IS USE TO Express the duration of an action that started in the past an continues until now,
1.3 Present Continuous
1.3.1 Structure
1.3.1.1 POSITIVE Subject + am/is/are + verb with ing +complement
1.3.1.1.1 EXAMPLE I am studying English
1.3.1.2 INTERROGATIVE Am/is/are + subject + verb with ing + complement
1.3.1.2.1 EXAMPLE Is he washing the dishes?
1.3.1.3 NEGATIVE Subject + am/is/are + not + verb with ing +complemen
1.3.1.3.1 EXAMPLE They are not paying atention
1.3.2 IS USE TO Express actions that are happening, actions in the future.
1.4 Present Perfect
1.4.1 Structure
1.4.1.1 INTERROGATIVE Have/has + subject + verb in past participle + complement?
1.4.1.1.1 EXAMPLE Have you seen the new movie
1.4.1.2 POSITIVE Subject + have/has + verb in past participle + complement
1.4.1.2.1 EXAMPLE You have changed so much
1.4.1.3 NEGATIVE Subject + have/has + not + verb in past participle + complemen
1.4.1.3.1 EXAMPLE She has not been to Tokyo
1.4.2 IS USE TO Express actions in the past at an unspecified time, recently finished actions, actions in the past that continue
2 Past
2.1 Simple Past
2.1.1 Structure
2.1.1.1 INTERROGATIVE Did + subject + verb in simple form + complement?
2.1.1.1.1 EXAMPLE Did she answer all the questions?
2.1.1.2 POSITIVE Subject + Verb in past + Complement
2.1.1.2.1 EXAMPLE They went to the party
2.1.1.3 NEGATIVE Subject + did + not + verb in simple form + complement
2.1.1.3.1 EXAMPLE I didn't clean my room
2.1.2 IS USE TO Express an action that started and finished at a specific time in the past, habits in the past, series of completed actions.
2.2 Past Continuous
2.2.1 Structure
2.2.1.1 POSITIVE Subject + was/were + verb with ing + complement
2.2.1.1.1 EXAMPLE I was eating an apple
2.2.1.2 NEGATIVE Subject + was/were + not + verb with ing + complement
2.2.1.2.1 EXAMPLE You were not playing yestaerday
2.2.1.3 INTERROGATIVE Was/were + subject + verb with ing + complement?
2.2.1.3.1 EXAMPLE Were they listening music?
2.2.2 IS USE TO Express an action in progress at a particular moment in the past, actions that were hapening at the same time, interrupted actions in the past.
2.3 Past Perfect
2.3.1 Structure
2.3.1.1 POSITIVE Subject + had +verb in past participle + complement
2.3.1.1.1 EXAMPLE I had sent the email to Leo
2.3.1.2 NEGATIVE Subject + had not + veb in past participle + complement
2.3.1.2.1 EXAMPLE She had not called him
2.3.1.3 INTERROGATIVE Had + subject + verb in past participle + complement?
2.3.1.3.1 EXAMPLE Had they read the book?
2.3.2 IS USE TO Express the idea that something occurred before another action in the past.
2.4 Past Perfect Continuous
2.4.1 Structure
2.4.1.1 POSITIVE Subject + had + been + verb with ing + complement
2.4.1.1.1 EXAMPLE It had been raining
2.4.1.2 INTERROGATIVE Had + subject + verb with ing + complement
2.4.1.2.1 EXAMPLE Had you been waiting a lot?
2.4.1.3 NEGATIVE Subject + had not + been + verb with ing + complement
2.4.1.3.1 EXAMPLE She had not been sleeping at nights
2.4.2 IS USE TO Express the duration of an action in the past
3 Future
3.1 Future Perfect Continuous
3.1.1 With 'will'
3.1.1.1 Structure
3.1.1.1.1 POSITIVE Subject + will + have been + verb with ing + complement
3.1.1.1.1.1 EXAMPLE I will have been waiting here
3.1.1.1.2 INTERROGATIVE Will + subject + have been + verb with ing + complement?
3.1.1.1.2.1 EXAMPLE Will you have been working here?
3.1.1.1.3 NEGATIVE Subject + will + not + have been + verb with ing + complement
3.1.1.1.3.1 EXAMPLE He will not have been playing poker
3.1.2 With 'going to'
3.1.2.1 Structure
3.1.2.1.1 POSITIVE Subject + am/is/are + going to + have + been + verb with ing + complement
3.1.2.1.1.1 EXAMPLE I am going to have been running for over an hour
3.1.2.1.2 NEGATIVE Subject + am/is/are + not + going to + have + been + verb with ing + complement
3.1.2.1.2.1 EXAMPLE They are not have been working properly
3.1.2.1.3 INTERROGATIVE Am/is/are + subject + going to + have been + verb with ing + complement?
3.1.2.1.3.1 EXAMPLE Are you going to have been driving fast?
3.1.3 IS USE TO Express actions that will continue up until a particular moment in the future
3.2 Future Continuous
3.2.1 With 'will'
3.2.1.1 Structure
3.2.1.1.1 POSITIVE Subject + will + be + verb with ing+ complement
3.2.1.1.1.1 EXAMPLE She will be writing travel books
3.2.1.1.2 NEGATIVE Subject + will + not + be + verb with ing+ complement
3.2.1.1.2.1 EXAMPLE I will not be working for a company
3.2.1.1.3 INTERROGATIVE Will + subject + be + verb with ing + complement?
3.2.1.1.3.1 EXAMPLE Will you be studying next year?
3.2.2 With 'going to'
3.2.2.1 Structure
3.2.2.1.1 POSITIVE Subject + is/are + going to + be + verb with ing + complement
3.2.2.1.1.1 EXAMPLE She is going to be living in Mexico.
3.2.2.1.2 NEGATIVE Subject + is/are + not + going to + be + verb with ing + complement
3.2.2.1.2.1 EXAMPLE They are not going to be satudying next year
3.2.2.1.3 INTERROGATIVE Is/are + subject + going to + be + verb with ing + complement?
3.2.2.1.3.1 EXAMPLE Are you going to be talking?
3.2.3 IS USE TO Talk about action that will be happening at a specific time in future
3.3 Future Perfect
3.3.1 With 'will'
3.3.1.1 Structure
3.3.1.1.1 POSITIVE Subject + will + have + verb in past participle + complement
3.3.1.1.1.1 EXAMPLE We will have cleaned out the apartment
3.3.1.1.2 NEGATIVE Subject + will + not + have + verb in past participle + complement
3.3.1.1.2.1 EXAMPLE The robbers will not have taken all the money
3.3.1.1.3 INTERROGATIVE Will + subject + have + verb in past participle + complement?
3.3.1.1.3.1 EXAMPLE Will he have finished his homework?
3.3.2 With 'going to'
3.3.2.1 Structure
3.3.2.1.1 POSITIVE Subject + is/are + going to + have + verb in past participle + complement
3.3.2.1.1.1 EXAMPLE We are going to have written fifty pages
3.3.2.1.2 NEGATIVE Subject + is/are + not + going to + have + verb in past participle + complement
3.3.2.1.2.1 EXAMPLE I am not going to have spent my time here.
3.3.2.1.3 INTERROGATIVE Is/are + subejct + going to + have + verb in past participle + complement?
3.3.2.1.3.1 EXAMPLE Are you going to have visited him by Friday?
3.3.3 IS USE TO Express completed actions before something in the future
3.4 Simple Future
3.4.1 With 'will'
3.4.1.1 Structure
3.4.1.1.1 INTERROGATIVE Will + subject + verb in simple form + complement?
3.4.1.1.1.1 EXAMPLE Will you make dinner?
3.4.1.1.2 NEGATIVE Subject + will + not + verb in simple form + complement
3.4.1.1.2.1 EXAMPLE I won't tell anyone
3.4.1.1.3 POSITIVE Subject + will + verb in simple form + complement
3.4.1.1.3.1 EXAMPLE She will call me
3.4.1.2 IS USE TO Express a promises, spontaneous decitions, offers, warnings and voluntary actions
3.4.2 With 'going to'
3.4.2.1 Structure
3.4.2.1.1 POSITIVE Subject + is/are + going to + verb in simple form + complement
3.4.2.1.1.1 EXAMPLE We are going to meet at 6 PM
3.4.2.1.2 INTERROGATIVE Is/are + subject + going to + verb in simple form + complement?
3.4.2.1.2.1 EXAMPLE Is she going to make a party
3.4.2.1.3 NEGATIVE Subject + is/are + not + going to + verb in simple form + complement
3.4.2.1.3.1 EXAMPLE She is not going to spend her vacation in Hawaii
3.4.2.2 IS USE TO Express a plan and predictions based on evidence
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