1 " La tolita " is located in the river mouth of the river
Santiago, in the province of Esmeraldas.La tolita culture
developed from 500 B.C. even 500 D.C.
1.1 This culture is known by the development of the
art. The ceramics used greyish and sandy clay for
the production of variety of pitchers tripods, etc.
1.1.1 Tolita was based on agriculture: the predominant
products were the maize and the yucca. In addition
they were devoting themselves to the hunt and the
extraction of resources of the sea.
2 Bahia (ca. 500 a.C. – 650 d.C.) It developed along
Manabí's coastal band. It was a very stratified
culture, dominated by an elite of shamans and
merchants. His economy was based on agriculture,
fishing and the exchanges to long distance by sea
and for land.
2.1 The ceramics of this age, are very
related to the ceramics of the Chorrera
3 Indigenous community between the years 500A.C and
1531 A.D. Is located between El Cabo of San Francisco,
(Esmeraladas) and the North of Manabi
3.1 The ceramics are a mixture of the daily life in
Jama-Coaque. It has human forms, zoomorfas, are
mixtures of the human beings and the animals
3.1.1 Many evidences do not exist on the economy or the technology of Jama Coaque, but there is no doubt
that they were living of the agriculture and of the fluvial, maritime and terrestrial resources.
4 The culture Guangala bloomed in the Ecuadoran provinces of Manabí
and Guayas. Guangala habitants were principally farmers, being his
principal culture the maize. In addition, they were going fishing, were
gathering seafood and were hunting animals.