Complications of Prematurity

Qasim Shahid
Mind Map by Qasim Shahid, updated more than 1 year ago
Qasim Shahid
Created by Qasim Shahid over 5 years ago
3
1

Description

Mind Map on Complications of Prematurity, created by Qasim Shahid on 09/30/2015.

Resource summary

Complications of Prematurity
1 Cardiac
1.1 PDA

Annotations:

  • Most common cardiac complication
2 CNS
2.1 Decreased spontaneous activity

Annotations:

  • Not in classic flexed position
2.2 Poor sucking/swallowing reflexes

Annotations:

  • NG feeds needed
2.3 IVH/PVL

Annotations:

  • PVL - major RF for developmental delay + CP
2.4 Developmental delay
3 Eyes
3.1 RoP

Annotations:

  • Retinopathy of Prematurity - due to incomplete retinal vascularisation at birth --> abnormal vessels --> vision defects
3.2 Myopia
3.3 Strabismus
4 GI
4.1 NEC
4.2 Feeding intolerance

Annotations:

  • Due to: 1) Small stomach 2) Decreased suck/swallow reflexes 3) Decreased GI motility
5 Immunity
5.1 Risk of sepsis + meningitis
5.2 Thin skin
6 Kidneys
6.1 Met acidosis

Annotations:

  • Immature kidney - cant excrete acids Na + HCO3 lost
6.2 Growth failure
7 Lungs
7.1 RDS
7.2 Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

Annotations:

  • Changes in lung architecture causes a more chronic lung disease
8 Metabolic
8.1 Hypoglycemia

Annotations:

  • Decreased glycogen stores in liver (build up near end of gest)
8.2 Hyperbilirubinemia

Annotations:

  • 1) decreased hepatic excretion 2) decreased colonic excretion
9 Temperature
9.1 Hypothermia
9.1.1 Decreased body fat
9.1.2 Increased SA : Vol
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