What makes us human?

deborah.dodds
Mind Map by deborah.dodds, updated more than 1 year ago
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What makes us human?
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What makes us human?
1 ORIGINS

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  • Origins
1.1 1.2% difference between genomes of humans & chimpanzees
1.2 Varying physical trait similarities to humans : primates, apes, hominis
1.3 Behaviour traits : tool use, symbolic communication, culture
1.4 Environmental evidence : Laetoli footprints 3.5 million years ago, First Stone Tools 3.3 million years ago
1.5 Homo habilis : larger brains, moderate brow, reduced dentition. Still significantly different to humans.
1.6 Tutorial reflections - how does this fit with my faith and theism? According to this theory, are humans still humanly set apart in value?
2 THEORY OF MIND
2.1 Definition: the ability to understand that our behavior and behavior of other humans is caused by internal mental states.
2.1.1 Mental states - knowing, thinking, disliking, desiring
2.2 Do other animals and non-human primates possess a theory of mind? eg. chimpanzees show a similar preference to their mother's face at birth
2.3 Milestones: Following eye gaze, pointing, understanding others' intentions
2.4 Personal reflection: ToM is vital to any human relationship - no relationship is complete without emotions and communication.
3 GENETICS AND HUMAN BEHAVIOUR
3.1 Controversial genes: eg. Monogamy and Warrior gene (Bradley Waldroup case)
3.2 Importance of environment: IQ (nature/nurture). "You inherit your environment just as much as your genes". J. Rich. ABO blood group is 100% heritability
3.3 Designer babies: Available for 10 - 15 years, difficult to offer guarantees. No gene found to identify sexual orientation, antosocial behavior or intelligence within normal range (Nuffield Council, 2002)
3.4 Around 50% of genetic ability comes from the environment children are subjected to - would not be fair therefore to stream children according to genetics.
4 CREATIVITY
4.1 Various forms: material culture, bodily effect of culture, life events, sentimentality.
4.1.1 Material culture = when usually ordinary object/place is made significant through folklore, stories and memorable meanings, eg. buildings, paintings, castles, landscapes.
4.1.2 Bodily effect of culture: 19th century Chinese woman's shoes. Social status and feet (Reflection - high heels today?)
4.1.3 Life events: weddings, graduations. Need materialistic objects to mark significance of occasion.
4.1.4 Sentimentality: varying significance according to person
4.2 Tutorial Reflection: Creativity is vital for building relationships
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