Industrialisation (continued)

g-jacqmin
Mind Map by g-jacqmin, updated more than 1 year ago
g-jacqmin
Created by g-jacqmin over 5 years ago
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Industrialisation (continued)
1 Stakhanovites
1.1 Alexei Stakhanov in 1935, dug out 102 tonnes of coal/ 1 shift = X14 normal amount
1.1.1 "Hero" of socialist labour
1.1.2 All workers encouraged to be Stakhanovites
2 Womens roles
2.1 Women used as workers in 5 year plans
2.2 Thousands new creches and day-care centers
2.3 1937: 40% of workers = women. (12% increases from 1928)
2.4 1937: 20% of builders= women
2.5 1937: 70% of jobs in health= women
2.6 4/5 workers in 1932/37 = women
2.7 BUT : restricted divorce and less independence
2.8 1936: Abortion was made illegal
2.8.1 Birth rate increased from 25-31 thousand
2.9 Women with 6 or more babies payed 2000 roubles/year
3 Belomor Canal
3.1 100,000 died making the canal
3.2 Representation of poor working conditions in Russia
3.3 Most workers =prisoners ( Jews, political opponents and Kulaks)
4 Other
4.1 Wages fell 1928-37
4.1.1 1932: man+woman = 1 man/ 1 woman in 1928
4.1.2 Late 1930's : many soviets had well-paid skilled jobs
4.2 Minorities like Cossacks and Jews attacked + suffered racism
4.3 "Muslims hold back industrialisation in Central Asia" --> leaders imprisoned, mosques closed
4.4 No unemployment
4.5 Education= free + compulsory
4.6 1940: more doctors/head than Britain
4.7 Homosexuality banned
4.8 1935: Law made children over 12 considered as adults to stop juvenile crime
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