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Morphology

Description

word formation process
fatima_escuderop
Mind Map by fatima_escuderop, updated more than 1 year ago
fatima_escuderop
Created by fatima_escuderop over 6 years ago
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Resource summary

Morphology
  1. Branch of linguistics
    1. Investigates
      1. Words
        1. Internal structure
          1. Through the study of
            1. Morphemes
              1. The smallest linguistic pieces with a grammatical function
                1. morph
                  1. the phonological realization of a morpheme
                  2. Stem
                    1. base morpheme to wich another piece is attached
                      1. simple or root
                        1. the core of the word
                          1. only morphological simple units
                        2. complex
                2. How they are formed
            2. Word Formation Process
              1. Unpredictable, Blending and Acronyms
                1. "oddities"
                  1. Clipping
                    1. cutting off the beggining, end or both
                      1. lab
                        1. prof
                          1. dorm
                        2. Blending
                          1. fusion of 2 words
                            1. gasohol = gasoline + alcohol
                          2. Acronyms
                            1. derived from the initials of several wors
                              1. UFO
                                1. SALT
                          3. Affixation, compounding, conversion
                            1. Affixation
                              1. Prefixes
                                1. Before a base
                                2. Suffixes
                                  1. After a base
                                    1. Forming nouns
                                      1. dom - kingdom
                                        1. tion - categorization
                                          1. ncy - excellency
                                          2. Forming verbs
                                            1. ify, ize - purify, colonize
                                              1. en - shortne, widen.
                                              2. Forming adjectives
                                                1. nal - educational
                                                  1. able, less - tireless, believable
                                                    1. sh - greenish
                                                2. Infixes
                                                  1. Do not occur
                                                    1. strings that attaches in the middle
                                                    2. Circumfixes
                                                      1. 2 parts
                                                        1. attaches to the fornt
                                                          1. attaches to the back
                                                      2. Compounding
                                                        1. verbs
                                                          1. formed by back formation
                                                            1. Noun + verb - sky-dive
                                                              1. verb + verb - freezy-dry
                                                                1. adjective + verb = soft-land
                                                                  1. particle + verb = over-look
                                                                    1. adjective + noun = bad-mouth
                                                                      1. noun + noun = breath-test
                                                                    2. adjectives
                                                                      1. noun + adjective = space-born
                                                                        1. verb + adjective = fail-safe
                                                                          1. verb + noun = turn-key
                                                                            1. adjective + adjective= bitter-sweet
                                                                            2. nouns
                                                                              1. exocentric
                                                                                1. the compound is not a hyponiym of the grammatical head
                                                                                2. endocentric
                                                                                  1. the compound is a hyponym of the grammatical head
                                                                                  2. appositival
                                                                                    1. the compound is a hyponym of both
                                                                                    2. copulative
                                                                                      1. the 2 elements separate entities combined to refer to one
                                                                                        1. not very common
                                                                                  3. Conversion
                                                                                    1. the item changes its word class without the addition of an affiix
                                                                                      1. dirty - to dirty
                                                                                  4. Others
                                                                                    1. Borrowing
                                                                                      1. Borrowed words form another language
                                                                                        1. Chocolate
                                                                                      2. Inflexion
                                                                                        1. Modified words to make grmmatical subclasses
                                                                                          1. work - worked
                                                                                            1. does not change the grammatical category
                                                                                          2. Coinage
                                                                                            1. Invented words
                                                                                              1. aspirin, kleenex
                                                                                          3. Derivation
                                                                                            1. To change fron one category to another (verbs to nouns)
                                                                                              1. addition of an affix
                                                                                                1. happiness
                                                                                          4. Approaches
                                                                                            1. Analytic
                                                                                              1. breaking words down
                                                                                                1. uses
                                                                                                  1. to know the meaning of read or heard new complex words
                                                                                                  2. Principles
                                                                                                    1. same form = same meaning
                                                                                                      1. two forms are instances of the same morpheme
                                                                                                        1. allomorphs
                                                                                                          1. seats , shades, fish
                                                                                                        2. not all morphemes are segmental
                                                                                                          1. "ablaut": vowel alternation
                                                                                                          2. a morpheme may have zero as one of its allomorphs provided it has a non zero allomorph
                                                                                                            1. fish - frogs
                                                                                                        3. Synthetic
                                                                                                          1. theory construction
                                                                                                            1. uses
                                                                                                              1. to create new forms from pre-existing pieces
                                                                                                          2. The mental system involved in word formation or to the branch of linguistics that deals with words, the internal structure and how they are formed
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