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MORPHOLOGY

Description

In this mind map you will find what morphology is and its object of study, which will allow you to understand a very important part of linguistics
alvarez.luzgabri
Mind Map by alvarez.luzgabri, updated more than 1 year ago
alvarez.luzgabri
Created by alvarez.luzgabri over 6 years ago
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Resource summary

MORPHOLOGY
  1. Mental system involved in the word formation
    1. First main part
      1. Derivation: Builds new words by adding morphemes to roots by affixation
        1. Prefixes: Go before the root
          1. eg. English prepositions and adverbials
          2. Suffixes: Go after the root
            1. Suffixes forming nouns
              1. Suffixes forming verbs
                1. Suffixes forming adjectives
                2. Infixes: Segmental strings that go in somewhere in the middle of the root
                  1. Circumfixes: Consists of a prefix and a suffix that apply to the root simultaneously
                  2. Compounding: The process of putting two words together to build a new one
                    1. Compound verbs
                      1. Compound adverbs
                        1. Compound adjectives
                          1. Compound nouns
                            1. Exocentric compounds
                              1. Endocentric compounds
                                1. Appositival compounds
                                  1. Copulative compounds
                                2. Conversion: Derivational process whereby an item changes its word class without adding any affix
                                3. Unpredictable formations
                                  1. Clipping : Means cutting off the beginning or end of a word
                                    1. Blending: It's the fusion of two words in one
                                      1. Acronyms: Words derived from the initials of serveral words
                                        1. Initialism: Pronounced as a sequece of letters
                                        2. Borrowing: Process of borrowing words from foreign languages
                                          1. Calque: Process of translating literaly the roots of a borrowed word, then, put them together to form a new one
                                            1. Neologism/ Coinage: Process of inventing entirely new words
                                              1. Onomatopoeia: Words which name is associated to their sound
                                              2. Studies the internal structure of words
                                                1. Word: The smallest independent unit of language
                                                  1. Morpheme: The smallest linguistic piece with a grammatical function
                                                    1. Free morphemes
                                                      1. Bound morphemes
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