Criminal terminology

lolly2lilly
Mind Map by lolly2lilly, updated more than 1 year ago
lolly2lilly
Created by lolly2lilly over 6 years ago
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A2 psychology (Criminal) Mind Map on Criminal terminology, created by lolly2lilly on 11/25/2013.
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Criminal terminology
1 Crime
1.1 Defined as an act against the law and implies a punishment or treatment to avoid someone re-offending.
1.2 Stealing, murder and fraud are against the law and carry a punishment.
1.3 They are against social norms and it represents what a particular culture thinks is wrong.
1.3.1 What is considered wrong in one country may not be in another e.g. hitting a child.
2 Recidivism
2.1 Involves someone repeating a behaviour or crime for which they have been punished or treated.
2.1.1 Returning to a repeating a behaviour.
2.1.2 For example if someone convicted of burglary and punished is freed after the appropriate length of time and then steals again this will increase recidivism figures.
3 Antisocial behaviour
3.1 Behaviour that is not necessarily against the law but that the majority of people do not like and do not approve off.
3.1.1 Can turn into or be crime.
3.2 Often behaviour that affects people negatively.
3.2.1 Often used for aggressive behaviour.
4 Stereotyping
4.1 Fixed, often simplistic generalisation about a particular group or class of people.
4.1.1 Often negative, unflattering and may underlie prejudice or discrimination.
4.2 People are essentially cognitive misers and so form stereotypes of others so there is greater predictability of those around us.
5 Eye witness testimony
5.1 An account people give of an incident they have witnessed.
5.2 In criminological psychology an eyewitness will provide police with a statement about a crime they've witnessed.
6 Modelling
6.1 Way of learning by imitating the behaviour of others.
6.2 Individuals will observe criminal behaviour being demonstrated in others around them or via media.
6.3 Remembers the behaviour and reproduces it if theres motivation to do so.
7 Cognitive miser
7.1 Refers to idea that only a small amount of info is actively perceived by individuals when making decisions.
7.2 Many cognitive shortcuts are used instead to attend relevant information and arrive at a decision.
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