Learning-centred approaches

Victoria Tobon
Mind Map by Victoria Tobon, updated more than 1 year ago
Victoria Tobon
Created by Victoria Tobon about 6 years ago
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Description

English for Especific Purposes group 11

Resource summary

Learning-centred approaches
  1. Involves learning as a 'process of negotiation between individuals and society'
    1. includes teaching, syllabus, methods, materials, etc.
    2. Hutchinson and Waters compare
      1. 'target needs'
        1. (what the learner needs to do in the target situation)
          1. 'necessities', 'lacks' and 'wants'. By 'necessities' (also called 'objective needs')
          2. Why is the language needed?
            1. How will the language be used?
              1. What will the content areas be?
                1. Who will the learner use the language with?
                  1. Where will the language be used?
                    1. When will the language be used?
                    2. 'learning needs'
                      1. (what the learner needs to do in order to learn).
                        1. Why are the learners taking the course?
                          1. How do the learners learn?
                            1. What resources are available?
                              1. Who are the learners?
                                1. Where will the ESP (or EAP) course take place
                                  1. When will the ESP (or EAP) course take place? (my bracke
                                2. EXAMPLES
                                  1. Present an oral argument
                                    1. Work in small groups
                                      1. Use technology effectively in order to support the presentations
                                        1. Planning tasks that will meet their invidual learning goals
                                          1. Use theories and controvercial issues in order to support ideas and encourage critical thinking
                                            1. Checklist, syllabus, table of content, course description,course objectives, resources, requirements, readings etc.
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