definitions of abnormality 2

Daisy  U
Mind Map by Daisy U, updated more than 1 year ago
Daisy  U
Created by Daisy U about 5 years ago
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AS - Level psychology (chapter 5 - psychopathology ) Mind Map on definitions of abnormality 2, created by Daisy U on 11/10/2015.

Resource summary

definitions of abnormality 2
1 failure to function adequately
1.1 no longer cope with the demands of everyday life
1.2 unable to maintain a basic standard of nutrition or hygiene
1.3 cannot hold down a job or relationship
1.4 when are they not functioning adequately?
1.4.1 Rosenham & Seligman
1.4.1.1 signs for not coping
1.4.1.1.1 maintaining eye contact and respecting personal space
1.4.1.1.2 experiences severe personal distress
1.4.1.1.3 irrational of dangerous to themselves
1.5 e.g.
1.5.1 intellectual disability disorder
1.5.1.1 fail to function adequately before diagnosis happneded
1.5.1.1.1 e.g. diagnosis of a low IQ - statistical deviation
2 deviation form mental health
2.1 ignores what it mean to be abnormal
2.1.1 looks at what makes people normal
2.1.1.1 deviation form mental health
2.2 what is psychologically healthy?
2.2.1 then identify who deviates form this
2.3 Jahoda - good mental health criteria
2.3.1 the criteria:
2.3.1.1 no symptoms or distress
2.3.1.2 rational & perceive ourselves accurately
2.3.1.3 reach our potential
2.3.1.4 can cope with stress
2.3.1.5 realistic view of the world
2.3.1.6 good self esteem
2.3.1.7 independent
2.3.1.8 successfully work love and enjoy our leisure
2.4 link between failure to function & ideal mental health
2.4.1 inability to keep a job
2.4.1.1 failure to cope with pressure?
2.4.1.2 deviation from the ideal of successfully working?
3 evaluation - failure to function adequately
3.1 patient's perspective
3.1.1 strength
3.1.1.1 attempts to include the subjective experience of the individual
3.1.2 difficult to assess distress
3.1.3 captures experience of people who need help
3.1.3.1 good to assess abnormality
3.2 deviating from social norms?
3.2.1 hard to say whether people are failing to function or deviating form social norms
3.2.2 is not having a job failing
3.2.2.1 or do they choose not to have one
3.2.2.1.1 alternative lifestyle
3.2.3 religious beliefs
3.2.3.1 irrational?
3.2.4 failures of adequate functioning
3.2.4.1 rick personal freedom
3.2.4.2 discriminating against the minority
3.3 subjective judgements
3.3.1 someone has to judge whether they are failing to function
3.3.1.1 whether they are distressed
3.3.2 use the global assessment of functioning scale
3.3.3 psychiatrist makes the final decision
4 evaluation - deviation from ideal mental health
4.1 a comprehensive definition
4.1.1 strength
4.1.1.1 wide range of criteria for diagnosing mental health
4.1.2 good range means...
4.1.2.1 good tool for thinking about mental health
4.2 cultural relativism
4.2.1 Jahoda - specific to the western world
4.2.1.1 culture bound
4.2.1.2 e.g.
4.2.1.2.1 emphasis on personal achievement
4.2.1.2.1.1 may be seen as self indulgent
4.2.1.2.1.1.1 rather than about the family
4.3 unrealistically high standards for mental health
4.3.1 few people have all of Jahoda's criteria
4.3.1.1 or have them for a long time
4.3.1.2 everyone is abnormal?
4.3.2 positive
4.3.2.1 ways in which people may benefit from seeking treatment
5 evaluation +
5.1 labelling
5.1.1 if we label someone it may add to their problems
5.1.2 normal to be depressed after losing job
5.1.2.1 might seek psychological help
5.1.2.1.1 people may forever label them for this
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