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Lesson Planning

Description

Mind map based on reading: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511667190.006 Cambridge Books Online © Cambridge University Press,
AdaNathalie Sanchez
Mind Map by AdaNathalie Sanchez, updated more than 1 year ago
AdaNathalie Sanchez
Created by AdaNathalie Sanchez over 6 years ago
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Resource summary

Lesson Planning
  1. Daily
    1. Daily Lesson Plan
      1. HOW students will move toward attaining specific objectives
        1. It describes the teaching behavior that will result in student learning
          1. think about the lesson in advance
            1. Anticipate/Resolve problems and difficulties
              1. interruptions from a visitor

                Annotations:

                • All kind of out-of-class problems
              2. Provide a structure for a lesson
                1. So that lesson runs smoothly
                2. Provide a ‘map’ for the teacher to follow
                  1. Provide a record of what has been taught
                    1. as for example: content, materials, sequencing,timing, and activities.
                      1. Benefits Students
                        1. backgrounds, interests, learning styles, and abilities
                    2. Evaluate
                      1. During
                        1. difficult for beginning teachers because they may not have the necessary experience to recognize that things are going badly.
                        2. After
                          1. In Order to
                            1. Make Decision for the successful outcome of a lesson
                        3. Yearly
                          1. listing the objectives for a particular program.
                          2. Unit
                            1. Unit Plan: series of related lessons around a specific theme such as “The Universe.”
                            2. Weekly
                              1. Term
                                1. Why Plan?
                                  1. For every lesson?
                                    1. Write it down or inside my head?
                                      1. Internal Reasons
                                        1. feel more confident
                                          1. learn the subject matter better
                                            1. to be in control before the lesson begins
                                            2. External Reasons
                                              1. Satisfy the expectations of the principal or supervisor
                                                1. guide a substitute teacher to take over a class
                                                  1. Guide a preservice teacher

                                                    Annotations:

                                                    • Entiéndase docente en formación
                                                    1. Classroom atmosphere can be impredictable
                                                  2. Models on Lesson Planing
                                                    1. Tyler’s (1949) rational-linear framework
                                                      1. (1) specify objectives;
                                                        1. (2) select learning activities
                                                          1. (3) organize learning activities
                                                            1. (4) specify methods of evaluation
                                                              1. Still being used
                                                              2. Yinger (1980)
                                                                1. 1st Stage =>problem conception”??

                                                                  Annotations:

                                                                  • a discovery cycle of the integration of the teacher’s goals, knowledge, and experience
                                                                  1. 2nd Stage=> problem formulated and a solution achieved
                                                                    1. 3er Stage=> implementing the plan along with its evaluation
                                                                      1. Iterative /Routine
                                                                    2. How to Plan a Lesson
                                                                      1. 1. Developing the Plan
                                                                        1. 1.1. Write Clear objetives
                                                                          1. “describe what students will be able to do in terms of observable behavior and when using the foreign language”
                                                                            1. Use action verbs
                                                                              1. Bloom's Taxonomy
                                                                                1. Avoid : Understand, appreciate, enjoy, learn
                                                                              2. 1.2 decide the activities and procedures
                                                                                1. hinking through the purposes and structures of the activities
                                                                              3. 2. Implementing the Plan
                                                                                1. Teacher needs to deviatesfrom the plan (two reasons)
                                                                                  1. lesson is not succeeding,

                                                                                    Annotations:

                                                                                    • when the lesson is obviously going badly and the plan is not helping to produce the desired outcome
                                                                                    1. “Further the lesson.??

                                                                                      Annotations:

                                                                                      • Teachers make a procedural change during the lesson as a means of promoting the progress of the lesson.
                                                                                      1. “Accommodate students’ learning styles.”

                                                                                        Annotations:

                                                                                        • in order to accommodate their students’ learning styles if the original plan has not accounted for them. (5)
                                                                                        1. (6) “Distribute the wealth.”

                                                                                          Annotations:

                                                                                          • encourage quiet students to participate more and to keep the more active students from dominating the class time
                                                                                        2. Something happens Improvisation is needed
                                                                                          1. “Serve the common good

                                                                                            Annotations:

                                                                                            • because one student raised an issue that the teacher perceives to be relevant for the other students.
                                                                                            1. “Teach to the moment.”

                                                                                              Annotations:

                                                                                              • discuss some unplanned event because the teacher thinks it is timely for the class.
                                                                                              1. (5) “Promote students’ involvement.”

                                                                                                Annotations:

                                                                                                • Teachers sometimes eliminate some steps in their lesson plans in order to have more student involvement, especially if the students are not responding
                                                                                            2. Deal with
                                                                                              1. Lesson Variety
                                                                                                1. keep the class lively and interested
                                                                                                  1. change the tempo of activities from fast-moving to slow.
                                                                                                    1. change the class organization

                                                                                                      Annotations:

                                                                                                      • giving individual tasks, pair work, group work, or full class interaction. the quieter activities before lively ones
                                                                                                      1. vary level of difficulty,of activities

                                                                                                        Annotations:

                                                                                                        • harder activities and tasks be placed earlier in the lesson
                                                                                                    2. Lesson Pacing
                                                                                                  2. 3. Evaluating the plan
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