What Are The Major Factors Influencing Teen Food Choices?

shaniyaharon
Mind Map by shaniyaharon, updated more than 1 year ago
shaniyaharon
Created by shaniyaharon about 6 years ago
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What Are The Major Factors Influencing Teen Food Choices?
  1. Parental and Peer Influence
    1. Parents purchase and prepare most foods consumed at home by teens
      1. Parents have the opportunity to be positive role models in the nutritious choices their teens make
        1. Family meals may be an opportunity for parents to make certain foods available and model and reinforce eating habits
          1. Peers and friends may be more influential during adolescence then childhood as social networks become more motivating and important that have a stronger influence then parental norms
            1. Adolescents who are told that their peers are making low calorie or high calorie food choices tend to have the same food choices as them
              1. Parents are less likely to buy fresh produce if it is more expensive then other foods. Family income influences teen food choices
                1. They make decisions about which foods are available at home and where and when foods can be eaten in the house
                  1. Be the social influencer for your friends who are stuck in unhealthy behaviors and thinking patterns, and exercise your willpower, discipline and self-control.
                  2. Culture and Ethnicity
                    1. Food and nutrition is affected by culture to respect of different beliefs within the culture
                      1. Food may be served and eaten because we were brought up eating them and find them comforting
                        1. One indictor of a cultures influence is how people define only a portion of the potential food available to them as edible
                          1. Enjoy your culture and the foods that make it special but try to make traditional foods more diet and health friendly
                            1. Religion plays one of the most influential roles in the choices and selection of foods consumed in certain societies
                              1. In Hindu, Buddhist, Islam and Judaism religions the consumption of pork is frowned upon and any other meats eaten must meet halal and kosher requirements
                                1. Christianity and Catholic religion allows all types of meat to be eaten
                                  1. Cultural beliefs help people decide what is edible, who should prepare the food, how the food should be served, how many meals should be consumed in a day and time
                                    1. Due to African American and Southern Food and Culture, children teens and adults are at a greater risk for ailments such as heart disease and diabetes. Mediterranean cultures have higher life expectancies lower rates of heart disease
                                      1. Different cultures can produce people with various health risks
                                        1. Religious holidays such as Passover are observed with appropriate foods
                                        2. Emotions
                                          1. Depression, Anxiety, Boredom and Stress lead to unhealthy eating habits
                                            1. Attempts to change eating habits will not succeed until one learns to manage the emotions and stress in everyday life
                                              1. Tied to major life events
                                                1. People eat in attempt to deal with negative emotions, stressful situations and bad news
                                                  1. Negative moods and positive moods lead to different food preferences
                                                    1. Tiredness, boredom, anxiety, and loneliness trigger overeating in adolescent women and found that these feelings improve after eating
                                                      1. Emotions like anger and depression do not improve after overeating in adolescent women especially in obese women who tend to feel guilty and angry at themselves
                                                        1. Gender stratified analysis revealed significant associations of perceived stress, worries and tension/anxiety to emotional eating for girls, while only confused moods was related to emotional eating for boys
                                                          1. Diets low in carbohydrates increase feeling of anger, depression, and tension, diets high in protein and low in carbohydrates increase anger and diets high in carbohydrates have an uplifting effect on your mood
                                                            1. Individuals in positive moods who make healthy food choices are often thinking more of future health benefits than those in negative moods, who focus more one the immediate taste and sensory experience
                                                              1. How to overcome emotional eating: Be kind to yourself, seek solutions, press pause, get moving, keep it real
                                                                1. Emotion Eating: emotional eating is the practice of consuming large quantities of food -- usually "comfort" or junk foods -- in response to feelings instead of hunger. Experts estimate that 75% of overeating is caused by emotions.
                                                                2. Food Marketing and Media Impact
                                                                  1. Advertisers in the media target specific campaigns to teen age groups
                                                                    1. Television, newspapers, radios, magazines, internet
                                                                      1. Manufactures use clever techniques such as jingles and claims about food's special properties to lure in children and teens
                                                                        1. The effect of advertising is damaging to children and teens
                                                                          1. Advertisement messages are not based on nutrition but on emotional and physiological appeal
                                                                            1. Commercials overpower the educational and and informational broadcasting that benefits broadcasting
                                                                              1. Young adults may not have the intellect to understand that advertising is not for marketing a good product but for selling a product that does not sell well
                                                                                1. Children exposed to food advertising consume more total food energy compared to exposer to non food advertisements
                                                                                  1. Marketing creates a desire for many less than nutritious foods
                                                                                    1. Snack foods are marketed for their fun and taste, not for their nutritional benefits often replacing the healthier foods we could be eating
                                                                                      1. The media is major source of information and misinformation on nutritional sources
                                                                                        1. The media can also influence food choices positively if the information is accurate and promotion healthy eating. Breakfast cereals are the most frequently remembered food advertisements and can promote a healthy well balanced breakfast if done correctly
                                                                                          1. • Children today spend an average of 53 hours a week in front of a screen
                                                                                            1. What can you do? Talk about it. Limit or remove. Cook with your kids. Pay attention to your body
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