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THEORIES OF SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION

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theories of second language axquisition
ginelly hernande
Mind Map by ginelly hernande, updated more than 1 year ago
ginelly hernande
Created by ginelly hernande over 6 years ago
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THEORIES OF SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION
  1. BUILDING A THEORY OF SLA
    1. DOMAINS AND GENERALIZATIONS
      1. understanding of language
        1. differences between adult and children and L1 and L2
          1. the way people view themselves
            1. second culture
              1. linguistic contrast
                1. communicative competences
                2. HYPOTHESES AND CLAIMS
                  1. Lightbown's claims
                    1. myths about SLA
                      1. imitation
                        1. correction
                          1. high IQ's
                            1. interferences from their firts language
                          2. CRITERIA FOR A VIABLE THEORY
                            1. Diane Larsen-Freeman
                              1. 4 pitfalls to avoid
                                1. beware of false dichotonies
                                  1. beware of linear
                                    1. beware of overgeneralization
                                      1. beware of reductionist thinking
                                      2. MIchael Long's criteria
                                        1. account for universals
                                          1. account for environmental factors
                                            1. account for variability
                                              1. explain cognitive and affective factors
                                                1. account for form-focused learning
                                                  1. account for other variables besides exposures and input
                                                    1. account for cognitive7innate factors
                                                      1. recognize that acquisition is not a steady accumulation of generalization
                                                  2. AN INNALIST MODEL: KRASHEN'S INPUT HYPOTHESIS
                                                    1. 1) the acquisition-learning hypothesis
                                                      1. 2) the monitor hypothesis
                                                        1. 3) the natural order hypothesis
                                                          1. 4) the input hypothesis
                                                            1. 5) the affective filter hypothesis
                                                              1. Seliger
                                                                1. high level of interaction
                                                              2. SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION
                                                                1. cognitive variations
                                                                  1. new linguistic systems
                                                                    1. learning of discourse and communicative functions
                                                                    2. COGNITIVE MODELS
                                                                      1. McLaughlin's Attention-Processing model
                                                                        1. controlled and automatic
                                                                        2. implicit and explicit models
                                                                          1. implicit: information that is automatically used
                                                                            1. explicit: facts that a person knows about language
                                                                            2. a social constructive model: Long's interaction hypothesis
                                                                              1. interaction and input
                                                                                1. conversation and interaction communication
                                                                              2. FROM THEORY TO PRACTICE
                                                                                1. to join the community of theory builders
                                                                                  1. 1) play the believing and the doubting game
                                                                                    1. 2) appreciate the art and science of SLA
                                                                                      1. 3) trust your intuitions
                                                                                        1. how do you learn intiution?
                                                                                          1. internalize essential theorical foundations
                                                                                            1. live experiences by yourself
                                                                                              1. you must be a willing risk-take yourself
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