Please wait - loading…

FRENCH REVOLUTION

Description

Carlos Lomas Pérez 4thA
carloslomas2323
Mind Map by carloslomas2323, updated more than 1 year ago
carloslomas2323
Created by carloslomas2323 over 6 years ago
1
0

Resource summary

FRENCH REVOLUTION

Annotations:

  • -Period of violent political and social change, which ended with absolute monarchy and the estates system of the Ancien Régime.
  1. MAIN STAGES
    1. NATIONAL ASSEMBLY

      Annotations:

      • - Summoned inAugust 1788. -Donde in 1789 (start of the Revolution) -Cahiers de doleánces. -National assembly: non-listened 3rd state complains=>declared themselves representatives and continue meeting until written Consitution.
      • -Estates General= way to face crisis by rising taxes to every person, without exception.
      1. CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY

        Annotations:

        • -Storming of the Bastille (14/7/1789) -New national guards. -Abolishion of feudal rights) -Declaration of Rights of the Man and Citizen. -Civil Constitution of the Clergy. -Flight to the Varennes (20-21/6/1791). -Constitution approved by Constituent Assembly (Sept. 1791). => Republicanism growth.
        1. LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY

          Annotations:

          • *GIRONDINS   -Represented interest of bourgeoisie.   -Moderate.   -Liberalism.   In favour of limited suffrage.   -BRISSOT.
          • *JACOBINS:   -Radicals.   -In favour of expand suffrage.   -Abolish monarchy and judge king.   -Control prices.   -Labourers (sans-culottes).
          • *INTERNAL PROBLEMS:   -Noblemen weren't happy=> joined foreign army.  -Non-juror clergy also joined foreign army.
          • *EXTERNAL PROBLEMS:   -Austria+Prussia vs. France (April 1992).   -Valmy: victory for France (April 1992) after several defeats.
          • *TULLERIES ATTACK:   -Palace looted by them before Valmy and palace were Louis XVI was arrested.
          1. THE CONVENTION

            Annotations:

            • *GIRONDINS (1792-93).   -Republic porclamation.   -Louis XVI accused of treason, executed by the guillotine in January 1793.   -Republican Calendar from 22nd Sept. 1792.   -New war. France (300000 soldiers) vs. Austria+Prussia, due to Louis XVI's death.   -Internal counter-revolution (La Vendée) supported by nobility, part of catholics and some peasants+royal family remaining.
            • *JACOBINS (June 1793-1795).   -12 members led by Robespierre)   -Dictatorship "le Terror".   -Deal with European Wars and Internal Counter Revolution.   -Execution of Marie Antoinette, Girondists and 45000 more.   -Universal suffrage. -Controlled prices. -July 1794: Robespierre removed.
            1. THE DIRECTORY & CONSULATE

              Annotations:

              • *DIRECTORY (1795-99).   -5 directors.   -Moderate middle class.   -More conservative: censitary suffrage, Constitution of Year III (1795).   -Radicals wanted to gain power=> Napoleon=> Coup of 18 Brumaire.
              • *CONSULATE (1799-1804)   -· members led by Napoleon because of alphabetical order (Bonaparte, Siéyes and Ducos)..
            2. MAIN CAUSES
              1. ENLIGHTENMENT IDEAS

                Annotations:

                • -Intellectuals+bourgeoisie -Ideas of equality & liberty
                1. SOCIAL CRISIS

                  Annotations:

                  • -Clergy and nobility didn`t want to pay any tax. -Bourgeoisie wanted no absolutism and to participate in politics. -Peasantry suffered many economic problems. *Middle class and peasantry angry because of the luxurious royal lifestyle.
                  1. ECONOMICAL CRISIS

                    Annotations:

                    • -Bankrupted state (war appearances and royal luxuries). -Louis XVI ministers increased taxes even to privileged people.
                    1. POLITICAL CRISIS

                      Annotations:

                      • -Estates General = 3 states:     *1st: nobility (1% of population)  300 representatives=1vote.     *2nd: clergy (2% of population)  300 representatives=1vote.     *3rd: middle class+peasantry(97% of the population) 600 representatives=1vote. UNFAIR SYSTEM.
                    Show full summary Hide full summary

                    Similar

                    SIMULACRO DE SOCIALES.
                    Nayibe Perilla
                    Examen de Sociales - GED
                    Diego Santos
                    Test de Geografía
                    maya velasquez
                    Esquema Del Feudalismo
                    irismateos
                    LA PREHISTORIA.
                    Manuel Jesús García
                    Los tres sectores de la sociedad
                    Adrián Ricco
                    LA POBLACIÓN ESPAÑOLA
                    jimenalopezbarca
                    La Plena Edad Media y el feudalismo
                    Galo Pérez San Millán
                    Cómo Usar Fichas para Mejorar el Aprendizaje de tus Alumnos
                    Diego Santos
                    Mapas mentales con ExamTime
                    maya velasquez
                    Plantilla para Presentar Trabajos con Mapas Mentales
                    Diego Santos