Religion and Society Key Terms

09hicksedw
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

Mind Map on Religion and Society Key Terms, created by 09hicksedw on 04/09/2013.

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09hicksedw
Created by 09hicksedw over 6 years ago
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Religion and Society Key Terms
1 Rights and Responsibilities
1.1 Pressure group: a group formed to influence government policy on a particular issue.
1.2 Democratic processes: the ways in which all citizens can take part on government (usually through elections).
1.3 Moral decision: when deciding what is the right or wrong thing to do.
1.4 Decalogue: the 10 Commandments
1.5 Electoral processes: the ways in which voting is organised.
1.6 Bible: the holy book of Christians on which the teachings of their religion is based.
1.7 Human Rights: the rights and freedoms to which everyone is entitled.
1.8 Social change: the way in which society has changed and is changing.
1.9 Political party: a group which tries to be elected into power on its policies.
1.10 Golden Rule: the teaching of Jesus that you should treat others as you would like them to treat you.
1.11 Conscience: an inner feeling of rightness or wrongness of an action.
1.12 Situation ethics: the idea that Christians should base moral decisions on what is the most loving thing to do.
1.13 Church: the community of Christians which gives modern advice on how to live a good Christian life.
1.14 church: a Christian place of worship.
2 Environmental and Medical Issues
2.1 Global warming: the increase in the temperature of the Earth's atmosphere (thought to be caused by the greenhouse effect).
2.2 Natural resources: naturally occurring materials, such as timber, which can be used by humans.
2.3 Conservation: careful use of resources to protect the environment for future generations.
2.4 Creation: the act of creating the universe, or the universe which has been created.
2.5 Environment: the surroundings in which plants and animals live and on which their lives depend on.
2.6 Stewardship: looking after the environment and its animals so it can be passed on to the next generation.
2.7 Shari'ah: Islamic law.
2.8 Animal Rights: Fundamental necessities that an animal needs to live.
2.9 Khalifahs: Islamic law to stewardship - we should protect Allah's environment.
2.10 Artificial insemination: injecting semen into the uterus by artificial means.
2.11 Embryo: a fertilised egg in the first 8 weeks after conception.
2.12 Infertility: not being able to have children.
2.13 In-vitro fertilisation (IVF): the method of fertilising a human egg in a test tube.
2.14 Surrogacy: where a women bears a child for another woman or where an egg is donated and fertilised by the man IVF + then implanted into the uterus.
2.15 Organ donation: giving organs to be used in transplant surgery.
3 Peace and Conflict
3.1 Conflict resolution: bringing a fight or struggle to a peaceful conclusion.
3.2 The UN: an international body set up to promote world peace and co-operation.
3.3 World peace: the ending of war throughout the whole world (the basic aim of the UN).
3.4 Aggression: attacking without being provoked.
3.5 Exploitation: taking advantage of a weaker group.
3.6 Just war: a war that is fought for the right reasons and in a right way.
3.7 Pacifism: the belief that all disputes should be settled by peaceful means.
3.8 Weapons of mass destruction: armaments which can destroy large areas and numbers of people (usually nuclear).
3.9 Bullying: intimidating/frightening people weaker than yourself.
3.10 Respect: treating a person or their feelings with consideration.
3.11 Forgiveness: when you stop blaming someone and/or pardoning them for what they have done wrong.
3.12 Reconciliation: bringing together people who were opposed to each other.
4 Crime and Punishment
4.1 Crime: an act against the law.
4.2 Judgement: the act of judging people and their actions.
4.3 Justice: due allocation of reward and punishment/the maintenance of what is right.
4.4 Law: rules made by Parliament and enforceable by the courts.
4.5 Capital punishment: the death penalty for a crime or offence.
4.6 Deterrence: the idea tha punishment should be of such a nature that it will deter people from committing crimes.
4.7 Rehabilitation: restore to normal life.
4.8 Reform: the idea that punishments should try to change criminals so they will not commit crimes again.
4.9 Retribution: the idea that punishments should make criminals pay for what they have done wrong.
4.10 Sin: an act against the will of God.
4.11 Addiction: a recurring compulsion to engage in an activity regardless of its bad effects.
4.12 Responsibility: being responsible for one's actions.
4.13 Scared authority: authority based on religious teachings eg. the 10 Commandments.
4.14 Secular authority: non-religious law.
4.15 Hadith: teachings based on Muhammad's actions.
4.16 Civil law: disputes between individuals (eg, divorce).
4.17 Criminal law: a crime breaking the law of the land.
4.18 Protection: criminals being removed from society for the safeguarding of society and themselves.
4.19 Shari'ah: Islamic law based on the Qur'an and the Sunnah.

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