Mechanical Solidarity

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Ken morrision notes; 161-165

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Mechanical Solidarity
1 primitive socieities
1.1 similar groups, extended families
1.2 early socieities
1.3 emphasis on values and cognitiev symbols common to the clan/tribe
1.3.1 thus, relatively undifferentiatied
2 social cohesion based on common roots of identity and similarity
3 religion
3.1 the dominant social institution
3.2 ceremonie form their common social attatchments
3.3 systems of beleif is religious
3.3.1 common conscience rooted in religious law
4 division of labour
4.1 rudimentary and divided
4.1.1 individuals perform economic and domestic tasks for common social purposes
4.2 links of dependancy thus emerge
4.2.1 between individuals and bonds of obligationn
4.2.2 leading to common belief system and practices rooted in religious life
4.3 cooperative labour
4.3.1 produce is shared commonly
4.3.2 thus acts to pattern their activity in ways that coordinate their tasks for common collective purposes
4.3.3 no private possessions
5 Individual
5.1 individual is linked directly to society
5.1.1 through, various points of attatchment, acting to bind all members collectively
5.1.2 these "social links" discourage autonomy,
5.1.3 erodes the distinction between individual and collective conscience.
5.2 individual does not emerge seperate from the group,
5.3 individual differences are subordinated to solidarity of the group
5.4 individuality at lowest point of development
5.4.1 no private life
5.4.2 no autonomy
5.4.3 all social relations based on social obligations
6 ability to mobilize entire social mass of society
6.1 degree of proliferation of common beliefs and practices entends throughout society
6.1.1 social cohesion of group is intense
6.1.2 links of individual and society are so strong and unified
6.2 greater unification, greater individual similarity, form almost perfect social consensus
7 Structure
7.1 made up of segments
7.1.1 onsisist of many homogenous clans
7.1.2 band together forming a tribe
7.1.3 groups disposed over confined territory live in close proximity
7.1.4 segmental socieities structural organization structure of the group into one integrated social body simple division of labour, patterns their activities
7.1.5 social bonds form a system of social obligations based on religious beliefs roots in religious law acting to consecrate the group as sacred people all members of group unified by family name they are different but, resemble one another in several respects 1. religious belief sacred people 2. common structural characterisitc forming attatchments between clans and join family/religious systems
8 system of social bonds and obligations arise for 2 reasons;
8.1 1. dependance and reliances from social division of labour
8.2 2. attatchments arising from coming together for religious ceremonies
8.2.1 social relations intensified to point of exaltation
8.2.2 sacred people
9 Summarize
9.1 homogenous population which is small and isolated
9.2 Division of labour based on social cooperation coordinating economic, political and religious activities
9.3 system of social institutions which religion and the family are dominant functioning as source of social cohesion linking individulas by obligation
9.4 system of religious beliefs uniformly diffused throughout society, creating uniformity in attitudes and actions by unifying their minds exerting emotional hold over them
9.5 low degree of individual autonomy, private life never develops and individual is not a distinct social unit
9.6 system of penal law based on repressive sanctions unishing indiviudal transgressions violently, serving function of reaffirming core beliefs when sacred social rules are violated.
9.7 social organization whereby individual palce in society determined by family organization and kinship
9.8 system of social cohesion producing high degree of consistency in practices adn beliefs
9.9 a state where individualism is at lowest point of development and where individual desnt appear distinct
9.10 system of social links between individuals based on custom obligation and social duties reflect a dependancy on society

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