Bocchiaro et al (2012) - Responses to people in authority

Tadi Kativhu
Mind Map by Tadi Kativhu, updated more than 1 year ago
Tadi Kativhu
Created by Tadi Kativhu about 4 years ago
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Mind Map on Bocchiaro et al (2012) - Responses to people in authority, created by Tadi Kativhu on 07/01/2016.
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Bocchiaro et al (2012) - Responses to people in authority
1 Background
1.1 Milgram (1974) found that people have strong inclinations to obey legitimate authority, irresponsive of their beliefs, feelings or intentions
1.1.1 In Milgram's study, 65% of participants inflicted what they thought were lethal shocks to a mild-mannered man, just because the man in the 'grey lab coat' told them to - an authority figure
1.1.2 This study uses Milgram's idea of getting an authority figure to request immoral actions of participants
1.1.2.1 But the study goes beyond, as it provides the participants with the option of taking personal action against an evil system - whistleblowing
1.1.2.1.1 Whistleblowing - when someone reports wrong doing, usually used in the workplace or exposing negative behaviour in college
1.1.3 The study was also aimed to replicate Milgram's findings of a wide gap between peoples predictions of their own and others degree of obedience and disobedience, when contrasted with the actual behavioural outcomes of the experiment
1.2 The researchers' interest in understanding the person (individual) as well as the social (situational) nature of variations in obedience and disobedience led them to collect a variety of personality and values information from their participants
2 Theories on which the study is based
3 Aims
3.1 To see how many people would comply with an unethical request and how may people would respond by whistleblowing to a higher authority
3.2 To compare actual rates of disobedience and whistleblowing and estimated rates
3.3 To investigate the role of dispositional factors in obedience, disobedience and whistleblowing
4 Hypothesese
4.1 There would be a higher percentage of obedience than in Milgram as people find it easier to inflict psychological harm rather than physical pain
4.2 There would be a lower level of whistle blowing than disobedience because it involves a potential direct confrontation of the defiant person in authority
4.3 Individual (dispositional) factors will have a weak relationship with the decision to obey, disobey and openly defy authority
4.4 When people are asked to predict their behaviour, a substantial amount of people would overestimate the tendency to disobey and blow the whistle
4.4.1 Similar to Milgram participants underestimated the degree of disobedience that would be shown
5 Contemporary study
6 "Scenario study"
6.1 No independent variable
6.2 Data was gathered on the number of participants who obeyed by writing a statement in support of the sensory deprivation study
7 Snapshot study
7.1 Entire session lasted 40minutes per participant
8 Sample Details
8.1 149 Undergrad Students
8.1.1 96 women, 53 Men
8.1.1.1 Mean age - 20.8
8.1.2 A total of 11 participants were removed from the initial 160 - for suspiciousness of the aim
8.1.2.1 So that demand characteristics did not affect the validity of the data collected
8.2 Self-Selection
8.2.1 Participants were recruited by flyers posted in the campus cafeteria of the VU University at Amsterdam
8.2.1.1 They took part in exchange for either 7 Euro's or course credit
8.2.1.2 To control the conditions, so the procedure was standardised - to give legitimacy and authenticity to the cover story
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