infinitive or -ing

Andrés Francisco Ramírez Naharro
Mind Map by Andrés Francisco Ramírez Naharro, updated more than 1 year ago
Andrés Francisco Ramírez Naharro
Created by Andrés Francisco Ramírez Naharro about 4 years ago
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Uso de infinitivo o -ing para FCE
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infinitive or -ing
1 -ing
1.1 after prepositions
1.1.1 after verb
1.1.1.1 He is thinking of leaving the country
1.1.2 after noun
1.1.2.1 I hate the idea of washing dishes
1.1.3 after adjective
1.1.3.1 He is not very good at cooking
1.1.4 to as a preposition
1.1.4.1 I´m not used to hearing noise
1.2 working as subject of sentence
1.2.1 Smoking is bad for your health
1.3 after some verbs
1.3.1 admit
1.3.1.1 confesar
1.3.1.1.1 He admitted having stolen the money
1.3.2 appreciate
1.3.2.1 apreciar
1.3.3 avoid
1.3.3.1 evitar
1.3.4 consider
1.3.4.1 considerar
1.3.4.1.1 They are considering moving again
1.3.5 delay
1.3.5.1 retrasar
1.3.6 enjoy
1.3.6.1 disfrutar
1.3.6.1.1 I enjoy playing football
1.3.7 escape
1.3.7.1 escapar
1.3.8 finish
1.3.8.1 finalizar
1.3.9 suggest
1.3.9.1 sugerir
1.3.10 understand
1.3.10.1 comprender
1.4 following some verbal forms
1.4.1 can't help
1.4.1.1 no poder evitar
1.4.1.1.1 She can´t help loving you
1.4.2 can't stand
1.4.2.1 no soportar
1.4.3 don't mind
1.4.3.1 no importar
1.4.4 would mind
1.4.4.1 importaría
1.4.5 be used to
1.4.5.1 estar acostumbrado a
1.4.5.1.1 I´m used to living on my own
1.4.6 get used to
1.4.6.1 acostumbrarse a
1.4.7 feel like
1.4.7.1 apetecer
1.4.8 it's not use
1.4.8.1 ser inútil, no valer la pena
1.4.9 look forward to
1.4.9.1 tener ganas de
1.4.9.1.1 I look forward to hearing from you
2 infinitive
2.1 answering why question
2.1.1 Why did you stop working?
2.1.1.1 To spend more time with my family
2.2 after adjectives
2.2.1 It's easy to love him
2.3 after some verbs
2.3.1 would like
2.3.1.1 gustaría
2.3.2 want
2.3.2.1 querer
2.3.3 need
2.3.3.1 necesitar
2.3.4 decide
2.3.4.1 decidir
2.3.5 hope
2.3.5.1 esperar (desire)
2.3.6 pretend
2.3.6.1 hacer parecer que, simular
2.3.7 expect
2.3.7.1 esperar (anticipate)
2.3.8 learn
2.3.8.1 aprender
2.3.9 offer
2.3.9.1 ofrecer
2.3.10 afford
2.3.10.1 permitir (pay for)
2.3.10.2 proporcionar, dar (provide)
2.3.11 prepare
2.3.11.1 preparar
2.3.12 mean
2.3.12.1 significar
2.3.13 agree
2.3.13.1 estar de acuerdo
3 two forms are possible infinitive and -ing
3.1 have the same meaning
3.1.1 with continuous form we use infinitive
3.1.1.1 begin
3.1.1.1.1 It began to snow / snowing
3.1.1.2 continue
3.1.1.3 start
3.1.1.3.1 I started playing/ to play football when I was 4
3.1.1.3.2 It´s starting to snow
3.1.2 american english - infinitive british english - -ing
3.1.2.1 after conditional we use infinitive form
3.1.2.1.1 like
3.1.2.1.2 dislike
3.1.2.1.3 hate
3.1.2.1.4 love
3.1.2.1.5 prefer
3.1.2.1.6 I´d like to dance with you
3.2 have differente meaning
3.2.1 like
3.2.1.1 -ing form
3.2.1.1.1 sth you like very much
3.2.1.1.1.1 I like dancing
3.2.1.2 infinitive form
3.2.1.2.1 you are satisfied by the result
3.2.1.2.1.1 I like to get up early
3.2.2 stop
3.2.2.1 -ing form
3.2.2.1.1 finish totally action
3.2.2.1.1.1 I stop making noise
3.2.2.2 infinitive form
3.2.2.2.1 finish action to do another activity
3.2.2.2.1.1 I stop to make noise
3.2.3 sorry for/aout
3.2.3.1 -ing form
3.2.3.1.1 sth in the past
3.2.3.1.1.1 I am sorry for having offended you
3.2.3.2 infinitive form
3.2.3.2.1 sth in the future
3.2.3.2.1.1 I am sorry to disturb you
3.2.4 go on
3.2.4.1 -ing form
3.2.4.1.1 carry on, continue doing sth
3.2.4.1.1.1 My boss went on discussing the new project
3.2.4.2 infinitive form
3.2.4.2.1 change of activity
3.2.4.2.1.1 My boss went to discuss the new project
3.2.5 regret
3.2.5.1 -ing form
3.2.5.1.1 sth in the past
3.2.5.1.1.1 I regret saying that
3.2.5.2 infinitive form
3.2.5.2.1 to communicate bad news
3.2.5.2.1.1 I regret to inform you that your flight has been cancelled
3.2.6 try
3.2.6.1 -ing form
3.2.6.1.1 experiment, try out
3.2.6.1.1.1 Why don´t you try sending her flowers?
3.2.6.2 infinitive form
3.2.6.2.1 doing sth making an effort
3.2.6.2.1.1 I tried to change the battery but I couldn´t
3.2.7 remember/forget
3.2.7.1 -ing form
3.2.7.1.1 sth occured in the past
3.2.7.1.1.1 I remember switching off the lights when I went out
3.2.7.2 infinitive form
3.2.7.2.1 sth have to occur
3.2.7.2.1.1 Remember to switch off the lights when you go out
3.2.8 need
3.2.8.1 -ing form
3.2.8.1.1 Passive voice. Necessity for doing sth
3.2.8.1.1.1 He needs eating
3.2.8.2 infinitive form
3.2.8.2.1 obligation for doing sth
3.2.8.2.1.1 I need to be there at 8.00
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