Waterhouse presents the reader
with an extended metaphor,
which compares a kindly old man
and a craggy mountain.
Through imagining climbing his grandfather as a
mountain, the speaker is able to recall clear details
from his childhood of scaling a great man. Although
he may have lost his grandfather, these memories
help the speaker to feel closer to the man he knew.
The poem is an example
of narrative verse (a
poem that tells a story)
The poem is presented as a single verse of 27 lines.
Presenting the poem as one continuous
piece may link to the idea of an imposing
mountain waiting to be climbed.
The poet uses enjambment often in
the poem and this supports the idea of
climbing a mountain and making
transitions from one stage to the next
of a continual journey.
There is no set rhythmic pattern,
so the tone is gentle, relaxed and
conversational, almost as if the
poet’s mind is wandering from
memory to memory.
The child sees farming as simply imitating his
father's actions, but later learns how skilled
the work is. He recalls his admiration of his
father then; but now his father walks behind.
His father is not literally behind him,
but the poet is troubled by his memory:
perhaps he feels guilt at not carrying
on the tradition of farming, or feels he
cannot live up to his father's example.
The poem has 6stanzas with 4lines
The simile ‘his shoulders like a full sail
strung between the shafts and the
furrow’ emphasises how powerful and
vast he appeared to Heaney as a child.
It has 1 stanza with 14lines
5 syllables are stressed
She expresses the idea that thinking of
her future husband is such an intense
feeling that it ultimately overpowers her.
The whole poem
is based on one
This metaphor is kept up all
the way through. This is
called an extended metaphor.
Iambic pentameter. di-DA
A parent remembers the first
time their child grew in
independence, eighteen years
ago, during a game of football.
The child is ‘like a satellite’ and
is ‘drifting away’. The speaker in
the poem finds the experience
difficult and goes on to describe
how the child, like a
‘half-fledged thing’, began to
find his or her own feet.
5lines in each
The pace of the poem
is measured, reflecting
the thought processes
of the parent.
The speaker of the poem
appears to be talking about his
dead parents in the afterlife
They tell the son that it's
not hard to cross over
into the other world.
It is written in
with 4lines each)
Mother, Any Distance
2 quatrains and 1
stanza with 7 lines
The speaker in the poem (who may be the poet
himself) is measuring up a house - it appears
that he is moving in, and is measuring for
curtains and carpets. His mother has “come to
help” him as he needs “a second pair of hands”
Each stanza ends with a full stop
Mother being referred to as an
anchor.An anchor keeps you safe.
Letters From Yorkshire
The poem opens with a description of a
man working in his garden, planting
potatoes, seeing lapwing birds return
after winter, then the speaker imagines
him coming inside to write to her.
Most of the lines have
five beats or stresses
Although they are far apart in distance and
in what they are doing, the poet shows how
close she feels by using ‘you’ instead of ‘he’
The speaker is busy with her
work, typing on to a computer
and thinking about the news
headlines. She asks the direct
question 'is your life more
real...?' because he is connected
with the land, but knows he
would not agree with this.
Before You Were Mine
The poet is talking to her
mother, having seen a photo
of her mother as a teenager.
She describes the photo of her mother
standing laughing with two of her friends.
4stanzas with 5lines each
She knows that the thought of having a
child one day doesn't occur to her mother
when young, when she was wrapped up in a
world of dances and teenage dreams.
The structure does not stay the same throughout,
but cycles through a number of different stanza
patterns, finishing in four two-line stanzas that
follow a conversation between the narrator and
his bride. The structure is highly repetitive,
creating a sense of closeness between the two
He shows his adoration, affection and love for his
“newly bride” and describing her tummy as a “teddy”
Singh Song is a first-person love song by a young man
about his wife. He manages his father's shop but keeps
sneaking upstairs to see her instead. He paints a colourful
picture of their love and lives, challenging stereotypical
ideas about Indian culture.
The speaker's partner comments that the
birds 'mate for life' and this observation
seems to remind the pair that they have
done the same. Where the first half of the
poem refers to storms and darkness, we
now have a mention of 'light', implying a
positive turn for the relationship.
A couple are walking through
the 'gulping' mud alongside a
lake in winter. They are 'silent
and apart' and the reader feels
as if the previous 'two days of
rain' might have coincided
with an argument between the
pair. They appear distant.
6stanzas with 3 lines,
1stanza with 2lines
It is written in quatrains
(4stanzas with 4lines each)
It has the uncomfortable
feeling which existed
between the two people
involved and in the
eventual breakdown of
Hardy starts the poem
with two people in the
The second verse looks
at the woman’s eyes and
the boredom in them
Hardy notes that
experiences a painful
reminder of deceiving
love, he pictures the
woman’s face, and the
winter landscape by
The third looks at the dead smile
on the woman’s mouth, the smile
that is no longer alive and joyous.